Plasma-driven dissociation of CO2 for fuel synthesis

Waldo Bongers (Corresponding Author), Henricus J.M. Bouwmeester, Bram Wolf, Floran Peeters, Stefan Welzel, Dirk van den Bekerom, Niek den Harder, Adelbert Goede, Martijn Graswinckel, Pieter Willem Groen, Jochen Kopecki, Martina Leins, Gerard van Rooij, Andreas Schulz, Matthias Walker, Richard van de Sanden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Power-to-gas is a storage technology aiming to convert surplus electricity from renewable energy sources like wind and solar power into gaseous fuels compatible with the current network infrastructure. Results of CO2 dissociation in a vortexstabilized microwave plasma reactor are presented. The microwave field, residence time, quenching, and vortex configuration were varied to investigate their influence on energy- and conversion efficiency of CO2 dissociation. Significant deterioration of the energy efficiency is observed at forward vortex plasmas upon increasing pressure in the range of 100 mbar towards atmospheric pressure, which is mitigated by using a reverse vortex flow configuration of the plasma reactor. Data from optical emission shows that under all conditions covered by the experiments the gas temperature is in excess of 4000 K, suggesting a predominant thermal dissociation. Different strategies are proposed to enhance energy and conversion efficiencies of plasma-driven dissociation of CO2.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1600126
JournalPlasma processes and polymers
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

Fingerprint

dissociation
Energy efficiency
Plasmas
Vortex flow
vortices
synthesis
Conversion efficiency
Gases
reactors
Microwaves
gaseous fuels
microwaves
thermal dissociation
renewable energy
energy sources
gas temperature
configurations
electricity
deterioration
Solar energy

Keywords

  • METIS-321259
  • IR-103421

Cite this

Bongers, W., Bouwmeester, H. J. M., Wolf, B., Peeters, F., Welzel, S., van den Bekerom, D., ... van de Sanden, R. (2017). Plasma-driven dissociation of CO2 for fuel synthesis. Plasma processes and polymers, 14(6), [1600126]. https://doi.org/10.1002/ppap.201600126
Bongers, Waldo ; Bouwmeester, Henricus J.M. ; Wolf, Bram ; Peeters, Floran ; Welzel, Stefan ; van den Bekerom, Dirk ; den Harder, Niek ; Goede, Adelbert ; Graswinckel, Martijn ; Groen, Pieter Willem ; Kopecki, Jochen ; Leins, Martina ; van Rooij, Gerard ; Schulz, Andreas ; Walker, Matthias ; van de Sanden, Richard. / Plasma-driven dissociation of CO2 for fuel synthesis. In: Plasma processes and polymers. 2017 ; Vol. 14, No. 6.
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Bongers, W, Bouwmeester, HJM, Wolf, B, Peeters, F, Welzel, S, van den Bekerom, D, den Harder, N, Goede, A, Graswinckel, M, Groen, PW, Kopecki, J, Leins, M, van Rooij, G, Schulz, A, Walker, M & van de Sanden, R 2017, 'Plasma-driven dissociation of CO2 for fuel synthesis' Plasma processes and polymers, vol. 14, no. 6, 1600126. https://doi.org/10.1002/ppap.201600126

Plasma-driven dissociation of CO2 for fuel synthesis. / Bongers, Waldo (Corresponding Author); Bouwmeester, Henricus J.M.; Wolf, Bram; Peeters, Floran; Welzel, Stefan; van den Bekerom, Dirk; den Harder, Niek; Goede, Adelbert; Graswinckel, Martijn; Groen, Pieter Willem; Kopecki, Jochen; Leins, Martina; van Rooij, Gerard; Schulz, Andreas; Walker, Matthias; van de Sanden, Richard.

In: Plasma processes and polymers, Vol. 14, No. 6, 1600126, 06.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Plasma-driven dissociation of CO2 for fuel synthesis

AU - Bongers, Waldo

AU - Bouwmeester, Henricus J.M.

AU - Wolf, Bram

AU - Peeters, Floran

AU - Welzel, Stefan

AU - van den Bekerom, Dirk

AU - den Harder, Niek

AU - Goede, Adelbert

AU - Graswinckel, Martijn

AU - Groen, Pieter Willem

AU - Kopecki, Jochen

AU - Leins, Martina

AU - van Rooij, Gerard

AU - Schulz, Andreas

AU - Walker, Matthias

AU - van de Sanden, Richard

N1 - Online first

PY - 2017/6

Y1 - 2017/6

N2 - Power-to-gas is a storage technology aiming to convert surplus electricity from renewable energy sources like wind and solar power into gaseous fuels compatible with the current network infrastructure. Results of CO2 dissociation in a vortexstabilized microwave plasma reactor are presented. The microwave field, residence time, quenching, and vortex configuration were varied to investigate their influence on energy- and conversion efficiency of CO2 dissociation. Significant deterioration of the energy efficiency is observed at forward vortex plasmas upon increasing pressure in the range of 100 mbar towards atmospheric pressure, which is mitigated by using a reverse vortex flow configuration of the plasma reactor. Data from optical emission shows that under all conditions covered by the experiments the gas temperature is in excess of 4000 K, suggesting a predominant thermal dissociation. Different strategies are proposed to enhance energy and conversion efficiencies of plasma-driven dissociation of CO2.

AB - Power-to-gas is a storage technology aiming to convert surplus electricity from renewable energy sources like wind and solar power into gaseous fuels compatible with the current network infrastructure. Results of CO2 dissociation in a vortexstabilized microwave plasma reactor are presented. The microwave field, residence time, quenching, and vortex configuration were varied to investigate their influence on energy- and conversion efficiency of CO2 dissociation. Significant deterioration of the energy efficiency is observed at forward vortex plasmas upon increasing pressure in the range of 100 mbar towards atmospheric pressure, which is mitigated by using a reverse vortex flow configuration of the plasma reactor. Data from optical emission shows that under all conditions covered by the experiments the gas temperature is in excess of 4000 K, suggesting a predominant thermal dissociation. Different strategies are proposed to enhance energy and conversion efficiencies of plasma-driven dissociation of CO2.

KW - METIS-321259

KW - IR-103421

U2 - 10.1002/ppap.201600126

DO - 10.1002/ppap.201600126

M3 - Article

VL - 14

JO - Plasma processes and polymers

JF - Plasma processes and polymers

SN - 1612-8850

IS - 6

M1 - 1600126

ER -

Bongers W, Bouwmeester HJM, Wolf B, Peeters F, Welzel S, van den Bekerom D et al. Plasma-driven dissociation of CO2 for fuel synthesis. Plasma processes and polymers. 2017 Jun;14(6). 1600126. https://doi.org/10.1002/ppap.201600126