Plasmonic Bubbles in n-Alkanes

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Abstract

In this paper, we study the formation of microbubbles upon the irradiation of an array of plasmonic Au nanoparticles with a laser in n-alkanes (CnH2n+2, with n = 5-10). Two different phases in the evolution of the bubbles can be distinguished. In the first phase, which occurs after a delay time δd of about 100 μs, an explosive microbubble is formed, reaching a diameter in the range from 10 to 100 μm. The exact size of this explosive microbubble barely depends on the carbon chain length of the alkane but more so on the laser power Pl. With increasing laser power, the delay time prior to bubble nucleation as well as the size of the microbubble both decrease. In the second phase, which sets in right after the collapse of the explosive microbubble, a new bubble forms and starts growing due to the vaporization of the surrounding liquid, which is highly gas-rich. The final bubble size in this second phase strongly depends on the alkane chain length; namely, it increases with a decreasing number of carbon atoms. Our results have important implications for using plasmonic heating to control chemical reactions in organic solvents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28375-28381
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of physical chemistry C
Volume122
Issue number49
Early online date19 Nov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Dec 2018

Fingerprint

Alkanes
Paraffins
alkanes
bubbles
Chain length
Lasers
Time delay
Carbon
chemical reaction control
time lag
lasers
Vaporization
Organic solvents
Chemical reactions
carbon
Nucleation
Gases
Irradiation
Nanoparticles
Heating

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D

Cite this

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title = "Plasmonic Bubbles in n-Alkanes",
abstract = "In this paper, we study the formation of microbubbles upon the irradiation of an array of plasmonic Au nanoparticles with a laser in n-alkanes (CnH2n+2, with n = 5-10). Two different phases in the evolution of the bubbles can be distinguished. In the first phase, which occurs after a delay time δd of about 100 μs, an explosive microbubble is formed, reaching a diameter in the range from 10 to 100 μm. The exact size of this explosive microbubble barely depends on the carbon chain length of the alkane but more so on the laser power Pl. With increasing laser power, the delay time prior to bubble nucleation as well as the size of the microbubble both decrease. In the second phase, which sets in right after the collapse of the explosive microbubble, a new bubble forms and starts growing due to the vaporization of the surrounding liquid, which is highly gas-rich. The final bubble size in this second phase strongly depends on the alkane chain length; namely, it increases with a decreasing number of carbon atoms. Our results have important implications for using plasmonic heating to control chemical reactions in organic solvents.",
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author = "Zaytsev, {Mikhail E.} and Guillaume Lajoinie and Yuliang Wang and Detlef Lohse and Zandvliet, {Harold J.W.} and Xuehua Zhang",
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AU - Zaytsev, Mikhail E.

AU - Lajoinie, Guillaume

AU - Wang, Yuliang

AU - Lohse, Detlef

AU - Zandvliet, Harold J.W.

AU - Zhang, Xuehua

N1 - ACS deal

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Y1 - 2018/12/13

N2 - In this paper, we study the formation of microbubbles upon the irradiation of an array of plasmonic Au nanoparticles with a laser in n-alkanes (CnH2n+2, with n = 5-10). Two different phases in the evolution of the bubbles can be distinguished. In the first phase, which occurs after a delay time δd of about 100 μs, an explosive microbubble is formed, reaching a diameter in the range from 10 to 100 μm. The exact size of this explosive microbubble barely depends on the carbon chain length of the alkane but more so on the laser power Pl. With increasing laser power, the delay time prior to bubble nucleation as well as the size of the microbubble both decrease. In the second phase, which sets in right after the collapse of the explosive microbubble, a new bubble forms and starts growing due to the vaporization of the surrounding liquid, which is highly gas-rich. The final bubble size in this second phase strongly depends on the alkane chain length; namely, it increases with a decreasing number of carbon atoms. Our results have important implications for using plasmonic heating to control chemical reactions in organic solvents.

AB - In this paper, we study the formation of microbubbles upon the irradiation of an array of plasmonic Au nanoparticles with a laser in n-alkanes (CnH2n+2, with n = 5-10). Two different phases in the evolution of the bubbles can be distinguished. In the first phase, which occurs after a delay time δd of about 100 μs, an explosive microbubble is formed, reaching a diameter in the range from 10 to 100 μm. The exact size of this explosive microbubble barely depends on the carbon chain length of the alkane but more so on the laser power Pl. With increasing laser power, the delay time prior to bubble nucleation as well as the size of the microbubble both decrease. In the second phase, which sets in right after the collapse of the explosive microbubble, a new bubble forms and starts growing due to the vaporization of the surrounding liquid, which is highly gas-rich. The final bubble size in this second phase strongly depends on the alkane chain length; namely, it increases with a decreasing number of carbon atoms. Our results have important implications for using plasmonic heating to control chemical reactions in organic solvents.

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