Plasticization-resistant glassy polyimide membranes for CO2/CH4 separations

A. Bos, Ineke G.M. Punt, Matthias Wessling, H. Strathmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

242 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

It is known that CO2 acts as a plasticizer in CO2/CO4 membrane separations at elevated pressures. The polymer matrix swells upon sorption of CO2, accelerating the permeation of CH4. As a consequence, the polymer membrane loses its selectivity. To overcome this effect, plasticization should be minimized. We succeeded in stabilizing the polymer membrane by a thermal treatment. For this purpose the polyimide Matrimid 5218 is used as model polymer. In single gas experiments with CO2, the untreated membrane normally shows a minimum in its pressure dependence on permeability, whereas the treated membranes do not. Membrane performances for CO2/CO4 gas mixtures showed that the plasticizing effect indeed accelerates the permeation of methane. The heat treatment clearly suppresses this undesired methane acceleration. Additionally to the pure and mixed gas permeation results, process calculations reveal valuable information as to what extent the stabilized membranes show improved membrane performance. The favourable performance of the stabilized membrane can be attributed to less methane loss and therefore a higher recovery, resulting in higher profit from gas sales.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)27-40
Number of pages14
JournalSeparation and purification technology
Volume1998
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Keywords

  • IR-11543
  • METIS-106215
  • Plasticization
  • Polyimide
  • Gas separation
  • Cross-linking
  • Carbon dioxide

Cite this