PMT: New analytical framework for automated evaluation of geo-environmental modelling approaches

Omid Rahmati* (Corresponding Author), Aiding Kornejady, Mahmood Samadi, Ravinesh C. Deo, Christian Conoscenti, L. Lombardo, Kavina Dayal, Ruhollah Taghizadeh-Mehrjardi, Hamid Reza Pourghasemi, Sandeep Kumar, Dieu Tien Bui

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

79 Citations (Scopus)
62 Downloads (Pure)


Geospatial computation, data transformation to a relevant statistical software, and step-wise quantitative performance assessment can be cumbersome, especially when considering that the entire modelling procedure is repeatedly interrupted by several input/output steps, and the self-consistency and self-adaptive response to the modelled data and the features therein are lost while handling the data from different kinds of working environments. To date, an automated and a comprehensive validation system, which includes both the cutoff-dependent and –independent evaluation criteria for spatial modelling approaches, has not yet been developed for GIS based methodologies. This study, for the first time, aims to fill this gap by designing and evaluating a user-friendly model validation approach, denoted as Performance Measure Tool (PMT), and developed using freely available Python programming platform. The considered cutoff-dependent criteria include receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, success-rate curve (SRC) and prediction-rate curve (PRC), whereas cutoff-independent consist of twenty-one performance metrics such as efficiency, misclassification rate, false omission rate, F-score, threat score, odds ratio, etc. To test the robustness of the developed tool, we applied it to a wide variety of geo-environmental modelling approaches, especially in different countries, data, and spatial contexts around the world including, the USA (soil digital modelling), Australia (drought risk evaluation), Vietnam (landslide studies), Iran (flood studies), and Italy (gully erosion studies). The newly proposed PMT is demonstrated to be capable of analyzing a wide range of environmental modelling results, and provides inclusive performance evaluation metrics in a relatively short time and user-convenient framework whilst each of the metrics is used to address a particular aspect of the predictive model. Drawing on the inferences, a scenario-based protocol for model performance evaluation is suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-311
Number of pages16
JournalScience of the total environment
Early online date2 Feb 2019
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2019


  • Goodness-of-fit
  • Performance analysis
  • PMT
  • Predictive model evaluation framework
  • Spatial modelling
  • Validation
  • 22/4 OA procedure


Dive into the research topics of 'PMT: New analytical framework for automated evaluation of geo-environmental modelling approaches'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this