Polarized on Higgs? Measurement of the Higgs couplings to polarized vector bosons

Lucrezia Stella Bruni

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UTAcademic

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Abstract

The Standard Model (SM) is the theoretical framework at the basis of particle physics. It gives a description of the fundamental particles and their interactions. Elementary particles acquire their mass thanks to the spontaneous breaking of the electroweak symmetry and thanks to the introduction of a complex Higgs field. The Brout-Englert-Higgs mechanism adds to the theory a new particle, the Higgs boson, which has been discovered in 2012 by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations at the LHC. The study of its properties can either confirm its SM-like nature or may open doors to new physics. For example, there are Beyond Standard Model theories that foresee the existence of more than one Higgs boson. There are some features of this intriguing particle that have not been investigated yet. One of those, discussed in this thesis, is how it couples to longitudinally and transversally polarized vector bosons. The SM predicts the longitudinal coupling parameter and the transversal one to be equal and finely tuned in order to restore unitarity in the scattering of electroweak W bosons. If an anomalous coupling were observed, this would hint at new physics in the interactions between the Higgs and the vector bosons. In the present thesis, these couplings are studied in the case in which the Higgs is produced via vector boson fusion (VBF) and decays into the 〖WW〗^*→eνμν final state.
The data analyzed has been collected by the ATLAS experiment at LHC during 2015 and 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36.1 〖fb〗^(-1).
Anomalies in the longitudinal or transversal coupling directly affect the production cross-section, which presents a strong dependence on the longitudinal coupling and a mild one on the transversal one. The kinematic distributions of the two leading jets, related to the intrinsic structure of the VBF production vertex, carry information about the polarization. Exploiting these kinematic features, the first measurement on the longitudinal and transversal coupling parameters has been performed. Their values are found to be in agreement with the SM predictions within the errors.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • University of Twente
Supervisors/Advisors
  • van Eijk, B., Supervisor
  • Ferrari, P., Co-Supervisor
Award date27 Feb 2019
Place of PublicationEnschede
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-90-365-4721-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Feb 2019

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bosons
theses
Higgs bosons
physics
kinematics
fusion
elementary particles
apexes
luminosity
interactions
anomalies
cross sections
symmetry
decay
polarization
predictions
scattering

Cite this

Bruni, Lucrezia Stella. / Polarized on Higgs? Measurement of the Higgs couplings to polarized vector bosons. Enschede : University of Twente, 2019. 233 p.
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abstract = "The Standard Model (SM) is the theoretical framework at the basis of particle physics. It gives a description of the fundamental particles and their interactions. Elementary particles acquire their mass thanks to the spontaneous breaking of the electroweak symmetry and thanks to the introduction of a complex Higgs field. The Brout-Englert-Higgs mechanism adds to the theory a new particle, the Higgs boson, which has been discovered in 2012 by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations at the LHC. The study of its properties can either confirm its SM-like nature or may open doors to new physics. For example, there are Beyond Standard Model theories that foresee the existence of more than one Higgs boson. There are some features of this intriguing particle that have not been investigated yet. One of those, discussed in this thesis, is how it couples to longitudinally and transversally polarized vector bosons. The SM predicts the longitudinal coupling parameter and the transversal one to be equal and finely tuned in order to restore unitarity in the scattering of electroweak W bosons. If an anomalous coupling were observed, this would hint at new physics in the interactions between the Higgs and the vector bosons. In the present thesis, these couplings are studied in the case in which the Higgs is produced via vector boson fusion (VBF) and decays into the 〖WW〗^*→eνμν final state.The data analyzed has been collected by the ATLAS experiment at LHC during 2015 and 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36.1 〖fb〗^(-1). Anomalies in the longitudinal or transversal coupling directly affect the production cross-section, which presents a strong dependence on the longitudinal coupling and a mild one on the transversal one. The kinematic distributions of the two leading jets, related to the intrinsic structure of the VBF production vertex, carry information about the polarization. Exploiting these kinematic features, the first measurement on the longitudinal and transversal coupling parameters has been performed. Their values are found to be in agreement with the SM predictions within the errors.",
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Polarized on Higgs? Measurement of the Higgs couplings to polarized vector bosons. / Bruni, Lucrezia Stella.

Enschede : University of Twente, 2019. 233 p.

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UTAcademic

TY - THES

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T2 - Measurement of the Higgs couplings to polarized vector bosons

AU - Bruni, Lucrezia Stella

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N2 - The Standard Model (SM) is the theoretical framework at the basis of particle physics. It gives a description of the fundamental particles and their interactions. Elementary particles acquire their mass thanks to the spontaneous breaking of the electroweak symmetry and thanks to the introduction of a complex Higgs field. The Brout-Englert-Higgs mechanism adds to the theory a new particle, the Higgs boson, which has been discovered in 2012 by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations at the LHC. The study of its properties can either confirm its SM-like nature or may open doors to new physics. For example, there are Beyond Standard Model theories that foresee the existence of more than one Higgs boson. There are some features of this intriguing particle that have not been investigated yet. One of those, discussed in this thesis, is how it couples to longitudinally and transversally polarized vector bosons. The SM predicts the longitudinal coupling parameter and the transversal one to be equal and finely tuned in order to restore unitarity in the scattering of electroweak W bosons. If an anomalous coupling were observed, this would hint at new physics in the interactions between the Higgs and the vector bosons. In the present thesis, these couplings are studied in the case in which the Higgs is produced via vector boson fusion (VBF) and decays into the 〖WW〗^*→eνμν final state.The data analyzed has been collected by the ATLAS experiment at LHC during 2015 and 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36.1 〖fb〗^(-1). Anomalies in the longitudinal or transversal coupling directly affect the production cross-section, which presents a strong dependence on the longitudinal coupling and a mild one on the transversal one. The kinematic distributions of the two leading jets, related to the intrinsic structure of the VBF production vertex, carry information about the polarization. Exploiting these kinematic features, the first measurement on the longitudinal and transversal coupling parameters has been performed. Their values are found to be in agreement with the SM predictions within the errors.

AB - The Standard Model (SM) is the theoretical framework at the basis of particle physics. It gives a description of the fundamental particles and their interactions. Elementary particles acquire their mass thanks to the spontaneous breaking of the electroweak symmetry and thanks to the introduction of a complex Higgs field. The Brout-Englert-Higgs mechanism adds to the theory a new particle, the Higgs boson, which has been discovered in 2012 by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations at the LHC. The study of its properties can either confirm its SM-like nature or may open doors to new physics. For example, there are Beyond Standard Model theories that foresee the existence of more than one Higgs boson. There are some features of this intriguing particle that have not been investigated yet. One of those, discussed in this thesis, is how it couples to longitudinally and transversally polarized vector bosons. The SM predicts the longitudinal coupling parameter and the transversal one to be equal and finely tuned in order to restore unitarity in the scattering of electroweak W bosons. If an anomalous coupling were observed, this would hint at new physics in the interactions between the Higgs and the vector bosons. In the present thesis, these couplings are studied in the case in which the Higgs is produced via vector boson fusion (VBF) and decays into the 〖WW〗^*→eνμν final state.The data analyzed has been collected by the ATLAS experiment at LHC during 2015 and 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36.1 〖fb〗^(-1). Anomalies in the longitudinal or transversal coupling directly affect the production cross-section, which presents a strong dependence on the longitudinal coupling and a mild one on the transversal one. The kinematic distributions of the two leading jets, related to the intrinsic structure of the VBF production vertex, carry information about the polarization. Exploiting these kinematic features, the first measurement on the longitudinal and transversal coupling parameters has been performed. Their values are found to be in agreement with the SM predictions within the errors.

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DO - 10.3990/1.9789036547215

M3 - PhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

SN - 978-90-365-4721-5

PB - University of Twente

CY - Enschede

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