Policy instruments for reducing toxic releases: the effectiveness of state information and enforcement actions

Laurence J. O'Toole, Chilik Yu, James Cooley, Gail Cowie, Susan Crow, Stephanie Herbert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article analyzes the extent to which different policy instruments explain toxic reductions among the states. Data from the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) and other sources are used to assess the effect of various policy instruments, while holding economic factors constant. State TRI information programs, enforcement action, and direct regulation all matter in reducing toxic releases. Interestingly, the informational tool seems to matter more than both authoritative tools. The findings also support the idea that the interaction of policy instruments as well as the match between policy tools and policy context may account for a portion of the results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-589
Number of pages19
JournalEvaluation review
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Keywords

  • METIS-100235
  • IR-1715

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