A series of poly(γ-p-nitrobenzyl-L-glutamates), PNBG, has been synthesized by the polymerization of N-carboxyanhydride (NCA) derivatives of γ-p-nitrobenzyl-L-glutamate, NBG, using triethylamine as an initiator. We studied the influence of (a) the solvents dioxane, nitrobenzene, dimethylformamide (DMF), and DMF-1,2-dichloroethane mixture and (b) the anhydride-initiator ratio (A/I) for the polymerization in nitrobenzene (A/I varying from 50 to 750) on the properties of the polymers obtained. In order to improve its synthesis, NBG, was prepared by three different methods. Ten samples of PNBG, ranging in Mw from 10,000 to 50,000, were examined viscometrically in DMF and dichloroacetic acid (DCA) and by ultracentrifugation in DMF. The data for  and So (limiting sedimentation coefficient) as functions of Mw for PNBG in DMF were utilized, applying theories of Kuhn and Kuhn,13 Schachman,14 and Perrin, 15 for the estimation of the length per monomeric residue h. Viscosity data gave a h value of about 2.3 Å, Whereas sedimentation yielded 1.5 Å. Treating viscosity and sedimentation data for poly(γ-benzyl-L-glutamate), PBLG, in the same way leads to somewhat higher hvalues (2.4 Å and 1.7 Å, respectively). Although a nitroaromatic effect was shown to be absent for PNBG in DMF, it can be concluded that in this medium PNBG has a somewhat more compact structure than PBLG.