Polydisperse granular flows over inclined channels

Deepak Raju Tunuguntla

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

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Abstract

The focus of this thesis concerned modelling the dynamics of rapid dense granular materials flowing over inclined channels, using in-depth theoretical analysis, discrete particle simulations (DPMs) and an accurate micro-macro mapping technique. By a thoughtful combination of each of these individual elements, a beautiful blend has been established among different scales, i.e. from particle to continuum. Overall, a sincere effort has been made towards developing this blend, which is able to help understand and emulate these phenomena-rich inclined channel flows. As most of these dense gravity-driven flows are shallow in nature, for monodisperse mixtures, we illustrate the formulation of a novel one–dimensional (width- and depth-averaged) shallow granular model. Using this model, we not only predict the flow dynamics – flow height, velocity and granular jumps or shocks – but also shows that one can forecast the existence of multiple steady states for a given a range of channel inclinations. However, in reality, the majority of flowing particulate mixtures are known to comprise of particles with varied physical attributes, i.e. they are bidisperse or polydisperse. Thereby, as a step towards understanding the associated flow dynamics, and developing improved continuum models, several studies presented in this thesis have utilised discrete particle method. DPMs provide a plethora of information at a particle scale, such as particle position, velocity, interaction forces or stresses. In order to accurately map the particle scale mechanics onto a macroscopic continuum scale, we comprehensively presents a generic framework for an efficient and accurate micro- macro mapping technique for polydisperse mixtures comprising of convex shaped particles, e.g. spheres. More importantly, the method presented is valid for any discrete data, e.g. particle simulations, molecular dynamics and experimental data, for both steady and unsteady configurations. Before employing the efficient mapping technique to its full capacity, based on the current understanding of bidisperse segregation dynamics, we formulate a mixture theory segregation model for bidisperse mixtures varying both in size and density. The developed formulation is an extension to an already existing size-segregation model, and is applicable to both shallow (linear velocity profile) and thick (Bagnold profile) flows. Besides predicting the extent of segregation, the theory also predicts zero or weak segregation for a range of size and density ratios, which was further benchmarked using DPMs. Although, we developed an efficient continuum size- and density-segregation model, a detailed study is to be implemented in order to deter- mine more accurate pressure scalings and further extend it to polydisperse mixtures. As a stepping stone, towards determining these pressure scalings, we also give an example application of the micro-macro mapping technique. For simplicity, we consider a purely size-based segregation model, which was built upon a pressure scaling function containing an unknown parameter. Not only did we deter- mine this unknown material parameter but, more importantly, we also found out that the complete size- and density-based segregation in any flowing particulate mixture is an effect of the generated kinetic stress, rather than the contact stress. The current form of the existing scaling functions is, however, still an active area of research, which definitely needs further attention and care. In short, we show how one can mix and match continuum models with DPMs using an efficient coarse-graining method. However, it is still vital to see if the DPMs can actually emulate reality. As a consequence, we also illustrate how DPMs can be used as a suitable alternative to experiments using two commonly used DPM experiments.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University of Twente
Supervisors/Advisors
  • van der Vegt, Jacobus J.W., Supervisor
  • Luding, Stefan , Supervisor
  • Thornton, Anthony Richard, Co-Supervisor
Thesis sponsors
Award date9 Oct 2015
Place of PublicationEnschede
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-90-365-3975-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Oct 2015

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Keywords

  • Particle segregation
  • Micro-macro mapping
  • Granular media
  • Coarse graining
  • Shallow granular model

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