Population-based validation study of Adjuvant! for primary breast cancer patients in the Netherlands

S. Siesling, J. van Kleef, R. Bretveld, C. G. M. Groothuis-Oudshoorn, J. van der Palen, Jan J. Jobsen, H. Struikmans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background Adjuvant! is an online risk prediction tool that can support breast cancer patients and physicians in clinical decision-making regarding adjuvant systemic treatment. The aim of this study was to validate Adjuvant! on a Dutch population-based cohort of women diagnosed in 2003 and assess its calibration and discriminatory accuracy. Methods All Dutch patients diagnosed with invasive primary breast cancer in 2003 in the Netherlands meeting the criteria of Adjuvant!; unilateral, unicentric invasive breast cancer, no evidence of metastatic or residual disease, pathologically staged I-III and no pT4 features, were included. Local treatment consisted of breast conserving therapy or ablative surgery and axillary staging. Adjuvant systemic treatment was given according to national guidelines. Patient, tumor and treatment characteristics were retrieved from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Endpoints were ten-year overall survival, breast cancer specific survival and event free survival. Findings A total of 8,195 patients were included. Out of all patients, 4,389 (53.6%) received some form of adjuvant systemic therapy. Throughout a ten-year follow-up, 2,156 (26.3%) patients died and 1,953 (23.8%) patients developed a recurrent disease (locoregional, distant or contralateral invasive cancer or DCIS). Ten-year observed overall survival was underestimated by -1.4% (95% CI -2.3 to -0.4, p=0.006), breast cancer specific survival was underestimated by -3.3% (95% CI -4.1 to -2.6, p<0.0001) and event free survival was underestimated by -3.5% (95% CI -4.5 to -2.6, p<0.0001). Discrimination was moderate for overall survival and breast cancer specific survival but poor for event free survival. Interpretation Adjuvant! does not accurately predict breast cancer specific survival and event free survival in this Dutch population-based study. Dutch patients showed better ten-year survival rates than predicted by Adjuvant!. For specific patient groups, the model could be used to estimate overall survival. We conclude that Adjuvant! should be used with caution in clinical practice in the Netherlands but probably also in other countries and the US.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)P3-07-68
JournalCancer research
Issue number4 Suppl
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2016
Event38th San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium 2015 - San Antonio, San Antonio, United States
Duration: 8 Dec 201512 Dec 2015
Conference number: 38


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