port-IO: A mobile cloud platform supporting context-aware inter-terminal truck routing

Leonard Heilig, Eduardo Lalla-Ruiz, Stefan Voß

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The role of ports goes far beyond the traditional function of a pure transport node linking sea and landside transportation. Rather, many ports offer value-added logistics and auxiliary services leading to a network of container flows. Moreover, containers may need to be transferred between different areas within the port. Information exchange and optimization is necessary to efficiently coordinate actors and container movements involved in respective inter-terminal transports in order to avoid empty trips and thus high costs, emissions, and additional traffic volume. In this paper, we describe a novel optimization problem for addressing inter-terminal truck routing in ports and propose two greedy heuristics and a hybrid simulated annealing algorithm. The computational results are evaluated in terms of costs, empty trips, and utilized number of trucks and they indicate that the proposed hybrid simulated annealing algorithm is able to report feasible and improved routes within seconds. The optimization component is embedded into a cloud platform integrating truck drivers based on a mobile application. Beyond common functionalities, the proposed platform enables a flexible real-time assignment of truck drivers to container movements by considering the current position of trucks with the objective to better manage and coordinate inter-terminal transports. As such, our approach contributes not only with a valuable approach for vehicle planning in ports, but also presents an accessible, scalable, and multi-tenant system prototype of a mobile cloud platform for handling the interactions with truck drivers in practice, demonstrated with an example for the Port of Hamburg, Germany.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event24th European Conference on Information Systems, ECIS 2016 - Campus Boğaziçi University, Istanbul, Turkey
Duration: 12 Jun 201615 Jun 2016
Conference number: 24


Conference24th European Conference on Information Systems, ECIS 2016
Abbreviated titleECIS 2016


  • Cloud computing
  • Hybrid simulated annealing
  • Inter-terminal transport
  • Mobile application
  • Truck routing

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