Position- and posture-dependent vascular imaging—a scoping review

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

31 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objectives: Position- and posture-dependent deformation of the vascular system is a relatively unexplored field. The goal of this scoping review was to create an overview of existing vascular imaging modalities in different body positions and postures and address the subsequent changes in vascular anatomy. Methods: Scopus, Medline, and Cochrane were searched for literature published between January 1, 2000, and June 30, 2022, incorporating the following categories: image modality, anatomy, orientation, and outcomes. Results: Out of 2446 screened articles, we included 108. The majority of papers used ultrasound (US, n = 74) in different body positions and postures with diameter and cross-sectional area (CSA) as outcome measures. Magnetic resonance imaging (n = 22) and computed tomography (n = 8) were less frequently used but allowed for investigation of other geometrical measures such as vessel curvature and length. The venous system proved more sensitive to postural changes than the arterial system, which was seen as increasing diameters of veins below the level of the heart when going from supine to prone to standing positions, and vice versa. Conclusions: The influence of body positions and postures on vasculature was predominantly explored with US for vessel diameter and CSA. Posture-induced deformation and additional geometrical features that may be of interest for the (endovascular) treatment of vascular pathologies have been limitedly reported, such as length and curvature of an atherosclerotic popliteal artery during bending of the knee after stent placement. The most important clinical implications of positional changes are found in diagnosis, surgical planning, and follow-up after stent placement. Clinical relevance statement: This scoping review presents the current state and opportunities of position- and posture-dependent imaging of vascular structures using various imaging modalities that are relevant in the fields of clinical diagnosis, surgical planning, and follow-up after stent placement. Key Points: • The influence of body positions and postures on the vasculature was predominantly investigated with US for vessel diameter and cross-sectional area. • Research into geometrical deformation, such as vessel length and curvature adaptation, that may be of interest for the (endovascular) treatment of vascular pathologies is limited in different positions and postures. • The most important clinical implications of postural changes are found in diagnosis, surgical planning, and follow-up after stent placement.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean radiology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print/First online - 6 Sept 2023

Keywords

  • Blood vessels
  • Diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Posture
  • UT-Hybrid-D

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Position- and posture-dependent vascular imaging—a scoping review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this