Post deposition nitridation of Si in W/Si soft x-ray multilayer systems

Roman Medvedev*, C.P. Hendrikx, J.M. Sturm, Sergey N. Yakunin, Igor A. Makhotkin, Andrey Yakshin, F. Bijkerk

*Corresponding author for this work

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Partial nitridation of W/Si multilayer systems with a 2.5 nm period was investigated in an attempt to reduce optically unfavorable tungsten silicide formation in the systems. Nitridation was applied directly after the deposition of every Si layer by exposing the Si surfaces to reactive nitrogen species from an ion source. As a result the formation of substantially sharper interfaces and a reduction in the silicide formation were observed in the systems. However, the passivation treatment caused a pronounced reduction in the X-ray reflectivity at 0.84 nm wavelength because of deep nitrogen penetration in the Si layers. This reduced the optical contrast between the reflector and spacer layer, which compensated the effect of the improved interface profile.
Original languageEnglish
Article number138601
JournalThin solid films
Early online date2 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021


  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • 0.84 nm
  • 2.5 nm
  • 22/1 OA procedure

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