Event-related desynchronization (ERS) describes a short-lasting and localized amplitude enhancement of specific frequency components. The spatial distribution of a post-movement beta ERS can be visualized by computing the local average reference (LAR). The Linear estimation (LE) method can also be applied to study the spatiotemporal ERS patterns. As source space an hemisphere was used with equally distributed radially oriented current dipoles. The lead field matrix is normalized to make sure that all dipoles have the same average impact on the sensors. A distributed source solution is found for each timestep and for each trial. Event-related Desynchronization calculations are carried out for every dipole (squaring of amplitude, averaging over all trials and time averaging over 16 time points). Both methods were conducted for the study of voluntary hand movement. The results are similar but in contrast to the LAR maps, the LE maps show a better spatial resolution. This is not surprising since the LAR method is limited to the electrode sites whereas with LE the EEG activity is projected onto the source space. Furthermore, the LE method counteracts the deblurring caused by the poorly conducting skull. Linear Estimation depends on several assumptions about the source space, volume conductor and the regularization parameter. Further investigation is needed to evaluate the application of LE for the study of Event-Related EEG phenomena.
|Publication status||Published - 7 Mar 1997|
|Event||8th International ISBET Congress 1997: with The KEY Foundation Symposium “Brain Fields in Psychiatry” - Zurich, Switzerland|
Duration: 6 Mar 1997 → 8 Mar 1997
Conference number: 8