Potential impacts of bike-and-ride on job accessibility and spatial equity in São Paulo, Brazil.

John P. Pritchard (Corresponding Author), Diego Bogado Tomasiello, Mariana Giannotti, Karst Geurs

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper examines the potential of the bicycle, as an access mode for transit trips, to reduce spatiotemporal inequalities in job accessibility in the megacity of São Paulo, Brazil. Three temporally dynamic potential job accessibility models are developed, (i) a GTFS-based (General |Transit Feed Specification) walk-and-ride model, (ii) an integrated GTFS-based bike-and-ride model that incorporates topography constraints, the availability of dedicated cycling infrastructure, waiting times at intersections and car traffic levels, and (iii) a car model that accounts for congestion using TomTom speed profiles. Cluster analysis is then used to analyze the geographic distribution of the associated improvements. The results show that bike-and-ride has the potential to substantially increase job accessibility in the different areas of the city, but does not result in a more equal spatial distribution of job accessibility, as measured by Gini coefficients. Most of the improvements are centered in middle to high income areas with good accessibility. Peripheral areas, that tend to be the poorest and have the lowest accessibility by transit, improve the least. The inclusion of the bicycle is not enough to counteract all of the other forces causing low job accessibility in these areas.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)386-400
    Number of pages15
    JournalTransportation research. Part A: Policy and practice
    Volume121
    Issue numberMarch
    Early online date7 Feb 2019
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

    Fingerprint

    equity
    Brazil
    Bicycles
    bicycle
    job potential
    Railroad cars
    megacity
    Cluster analysis
    cluster analysis
    Topography
    Spatial distribution
    inclusion
    Availability
    traffic
    infrastructure
    geography
    Specifications
    income
    Accessibility
    Equity

    Cite this

    Pritchard, John P. ; Bogado Tomasiello, Diego ; Giannotti, Mariana ; Geurs, Karst. / Potential impacts of bike-and-ride on job accessibility and spatial equity in São Paulo, Brazil. In: Transportation research. Part A: Policy and practice. 2019 ; Vol. 121, No. March. pp. 386-400.
    @article{cabeafd2b3a444ad8d5e97c85fa14fee,
    title = "Potential impacts of bike-and-ride on job accessibility and spatial equity in S{\~a}o Paulo, Brazil.",
    abstract = "This paper examines the potential of the bicycle, as an access mode for transit trips, to reduce spatiotemporal inequalities in job accessibility in the megacity of S{\~a}o Paulo, Brazil. Three temporally dynamic potential job accessibility models are developed, (i) a GTFS-based (General |Transit Feed Specification) walk-and-ride model, (ii) an integrated GTFS-based bike-and-ride model that incorporates topography constraints, the availability of dedicated cycling infrastructure, waiting times at intersections and car traffic levels, and (iii) a car model that accounts for congestion using TomTom speed profiles. Cluster analysis is then used to analyze the geographic distribution of the associated improvements. The results show that bike-and-ride has the potential to substantially increase job accessibility in the different areas of the city, but does not result in a more equal spatial distribution of job accessibility, as measured by Gini coefficients. Most of the improvements are centered in middle to high income areas with good accessibility. Peripheral areas, that tend to be the poorest and have the lowest accessibility by transit, improve the least. The inclusion of the bicycle is not enough to counteract all of the other forces causing low job accessibility in these areas.",
    author = "Pritchard, {John P.} and {Bogado Tomasiello}, Diego and Mariana Giannotti and Karst Geurs",
    year = "2019",
    month = "3",
    doi = "10.1016/j.tra.2019.01.022",
    language = "English",
    volume = "121",
    pages = "386--400",
    journal = "Transportation research. Part A: Policy and practice",
    issn = "0965-8564",
    publisher = "Elsevier",
    number = "March",

    }

    Potential impacts of bike-and-ride on job accessibility and spatial equity in São Paulo, Brazil. / Pritchard, John P. (Corresponding Author); Bogado Tomasiello, Diego; Giannotti, Mariana; Geurs, Karst.

    In: Transportation research. Part A: Policy and practice, Vol. 121, No. March, 03.2019, p. 386-400.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Potential impacts of bike-and-ride on job accessibility and spatial equity in São Paulo, Brazil.

    AU - Pritchard, John P.

    AU - Bogado Tomasiello, Diego

    AU - Giannotti, Mariana

    AU - Geurs, Karst

    PY - 2019/3

    Y1 - 2019/3

    N2 - This paper examines the potential of the bicycle, as an access mode for transit trips, to reduce spatiotemporal inequalities in job accessibility in the megacity of São Paulo, Brazil. Three temporally dynamic potential job accessibility models are developed, (i) a GTFS-based (General |Transit Feed Specification) walk-and-ride model, (ii) an integrated GTFS-based bike-and-ride model that incorporates topography constraints, the availability of dedicated cycling infrastructure, waiting times at intersections and car traffic levels, and (iii) a car model that accounts for congestion using TomTom speed profiles. Cluster analysis is then used to analyze the geographic distribution of the associated improvements. The results show that bike-and-ride has the potential to substantially increase job accessibility in the different areas of the city, but does not result in a more equal spatial distribution of job accessibility, as measured by Gini coefficients. Most of the improvements are centered in middle to high income areas with good accessibility. Peripheral areas, that tend to be the poorest and have the lowest accessibility by transit, improve the least. The inclusion of the bicycle is not enough to counteract all of the other forces causing low job accessibility in these areas.

    AB - This paper examines the potential of the bicycle, as an access mode for transit trips, to reduce spatiotemporal inequalities in job accessibility in the megacity of São Paulo, Brazil. Three temporally dynamic potential job accessibility models are developed, (i) a GTFS-based (General |Transit Feed Specification) walk-and-ride model, (ii) an integrated GTFS-based bike-and-ride model that incorporates topography constraints, the availability of dedicated cycling infrastructure, waiting times at intersections and car traffic levels, and (iii) a car model that accounts for congestion using TomTom speed profiles. Cluster analysis is then used to analyze the geographic distribution of the associated improvements. The results show that bike-and-ride has the potential to substantially increase job accessibility in the different areas of the city, but does not result in a more equal spatial distribution of job accessibility, as measured by Gini coefficients. Most of the improvements are centered in middle to high income areas with good accessibility. Peripheral areas, that tend to be the poorest and have the lowest accessibility by transit, improve the least. The inclusion of the bicycle is not enough to counteract all of the other forces causing low job accessibility in these areas.

    U2 - 10.1016/j.tra.2019.01.022

    DO - 10.1016/j.tra.2019.01.022

    M3 - Article

    VL - 121

    SP - 386

    EP - 400

    JO - Transportation research. Part A: Policy and practice

    JF - Transportation research. Part A: Policy and practice

    SN - 0965-8564

    IS - March

    ER -