Power efficiency model for MIMO transmitters including memory polynomial digital predistortion

Joep Zanen*, Eric Klumperink, Bram Nauta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) beamforming array gain can make multi-antenna transmitters (TXs) more power efficient. However, these MIMO TXs require more complex digital predistortion (DPD). In this work, analytical expressions are derived for the power consumption of both MIMO power amplifier (PA) arrays and their respective DPD, taking into account the effects of precoding on PA output power and peak-toaverage power ratio (PAPR). It is shown that for complex DPD algorithms such as cross-over DPD (CO-DPD) in combination with wide bandwidths, the overall DPD power consumption can exceed the overall PA power consumption already for TXs for scenarios with more than two antennas.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9211753
Pages (from-to)1183-1187
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE transactions on circuits and systems II: express briefs
Issue number4
Early online date2 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2021


  • Digital predistortion
  • MIMO
  • Transmitter
  • Power amplifier
  • Digital signal processing
  • Efficiency
  • Power consumption


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