Power-to-Methanol at Refineries as a Precursor to Green Jet Fuel Production: a Simulation and Assessment Study

Timo Wassermann, Christian Schnuelle, Philipp Kenkel, Edwin Zondervan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleAcademicpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The growing interest in power-to-methanol (PtM) in policy, industry and academia illustrates the need for studies assessing the concept's potential in the context of energy transition. Although there are already studies, which evaluate PtM in a generic way, application-specific analyzes for refineries considering the option of further jet fuel synthesis are lacking. This study provides a unique assessment of the techno-economic feasibility and the environmental impacts of PtM plants at refineries as a precursor to green jet fuel production. The utilization of the flue gas of a single refinery, the Heide refinery, is sufficient for the production of 415,095 tMeOH/y. As methanol production via PtM avoids 2.50 kgCO2eq/kg compared to conventional methanol, it is favorable in terms of greenhouse gas emissions. However, net production costs are 2.9-4.6 times higher than the market price. Subsequent jet fuel synthesis allows a production of at least 83 ktJet/y on basis of the refinery's flue gas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1453-1458
Number of pages6
JournalComputer aided chemical engineering
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes
Event30th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering, ESCAPE 2020 - Milan, Italy
Duration: 24 May 202027 May 2020
Conference number: 30


  • CO utilization
  • jet fuel
  • power-to-methanol
  • refinery


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