Predicting the occurrrence of dunes under supply limited conditions

Arjan Tuijnder, Jan S. Ribberink

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

If only a part a the bed sediment is being transported by a river erosion resistant layers can develop. The presence of erosion resistant layers in the river bed can limit the volume of sediment available for bedform formation. These conditions develop if the flow is not capable of transporting all present grain size fractions. Different bedform types develop depending on the volume of sediment that is mobile. In this paper we combine data from previously published experiments to explore the possibility to predict the occurrence of dunes under partial transport conditions using a parameter s*, the relative sediment transport rate. Herein, we use a model to make reliable estimations of s*. We find that a critical s exists so that dunes only occur for s*>s*cr. The results of the model and the critical s* for dune occurence are validated quantitatively and qualitatively using two sets of experiments, experiments conducted by Van der Zwaard (1974) and a recently conducted set of experiments at the Leichtweiß-institute, Germany.
Original languageUndefined
Title of host publicationRiver, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, RCEM 2007, 17-21 September 2007, Enschede, The Netherlands, Vol I
EditorsCatarine M. Dohmen-Janssen, C.M. Dohmen - Janssen, S.J.M.H. Hulscher, Suzanne J.M.H. Hulscher
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Pages633-639
ISBN (Print)0-415-4536-3-1
Publication statusPublished - 17 Sep 2007
Event5th IAHR-Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, RCEM 2007 - Unitersity of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands
Duration: 17 Sep 200721 Sep 2007
Conference number: 5

Publication series

Name
PublisherTaylor & Francis Group

Conference

Conference5th IAHR-Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, RCEM 2007
Abbreviated titleRCEM
CountryNetherlands
CityEnschede
Period17/09/0721/09/07

Keywords

  • IR-67897
  • METIS-241135

Cite this

Tuijnder, A., & Ribberink, J. S. (2007). Predicting the occurrrence of dunes under supply limited conditions. In C. M. Dohmen-Janssen, C. M. Dohmen - Janssen, S. J. M. H. Hulscher, & S. J. M. H. Hulscher (Eds.), River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, RCEM 2007, 17-21 September 2007, Enschede, The Netherlands, Vol I (pp. 633-639). London: Taylor & Francis.
Tuijnder, Arjan ; Ribberink, Jan S. / Predicting the occurrrence of dunes under supply limited conditions. River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, RCEM 2007, 17-21 September 2007, Enschede, The Netherlands, Vol I. editor / Catarine M. Dohmen-Janssen ; C.M. Dohmen - Janssen ; S.J.M.H. Hulscher ; Suzanne J.M.H. Hulscher. London : Taylor & Francis, 2007. pp. 633-639
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abstract = "If only a part a the bed sediment is being transported by a river erosion resistant layers can develop. The presence of erosion resistant layers in the river bed can limit the volume of sediment available for bedform formation. These conditions develop if the flow is not capable of transporting all present grain size fractions. Different bedform types develop depending on the volume of sediment that is mobile. In this paper we combine data from previously published experiments to explore the possibility to predict the occurrence of dunes under partial transport conditions using a parameter s*, the relative sediment transport rate. Herein, we use a model to make reliable estimations of s*. We find that a critical s exists so that dunes only occur for s*>s*cr. The results of the model and the critical s* for dune occurence are validated quantitatively and qualitatively using two sets of experiments, experiments conducted by Van der Zwaard (1974) and a recently conducted set of experiments at the Leichtwei{\ss}-institute, Germany.",
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Tuijnder, A & Ribberink, JS 2007, Predicting the occurrrence of dunes under supply limited conditions. in CM Dohmen-Janssen, CM Dohmen - Janssen, SJMH Hulscher & SJMH Hulscher (eds), River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, RCEM 2007, 17-21 September 2007, Enschede, The Netherlands, Vol I. Taylor & Francis, London, pp. 633-639, 5th IAHR-Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, RCEM 2007, Enschede, Netherlands, 17/09/07.

Predicting the occurrrence of dunes under supply limited conditions. / Tuijnder, Arjan; Ribberink, Jan S.

River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, RCEM 2007, 17-21 September 2007, Enschede, The Netherlands, Vol I. ed. / Catarine M. Dohmen-Janssen; C.M. Dohmen - Janssen; S.J.M.H. Hulscher; Suzanne J.M.H. Hulscher. London : Taylor & Francis, 2007. p. 633-639.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Predicting the occurrrence of dunes under supply limited conditions

AU - Tuijnder, Arjan

AU - Ribberink, Jan S.

PY - 2007/9/17

Y1 - 2007/9/17

N2 - If only a part a the bed sediment is being transported by a river erosion resistant layers can develop. The presence of erosion resistant layers in the river bed can limit the volume of sediment available for bedform formation. These conditions develop if the flow is not capable of transporting all present grain size fractions. Different bedform types develop depending on the volume of sediment that is mobile. In this paper we combine data from previously published experiments to explore the possibility to predict the occurrence of dunes under partial transport conditions using a parameter s*, the relative sediment transport rate. Herein, we use a model to make reliable estimations of s*. We find that a critical s exists so that dunes only occur for s*>s*cr. The results of the model and the critical s* for dune occurence are validated quantitatively and qualitatively using two sets of experiments, experiments conducted by Van der Zwaard (1974) and a recently conducted set of experiments at the Leichtweiß-institute, Germany.

AB - If only a part a the bed sediment is being transported by a river erosion resistant layers can develop. The presence of erosion resistant layers in the river bed can limit the volume of sediment available for bedform formation. These conditions develop if the flow is not capable of transporting all present grain size fractions. Different bedform types develop depending on the volume of sediment that is mobile. In this paper we combine data from previously published experiments to explore the possibility to predict the occurrence of dunes under partial transport conditions using a parameter s*, the relative sediment transport rate. Herein, we use a model to make reliable estimations of s*. We find that a critical s exists so that dunes only occur for s*>s*cr. The results of the model and the critical s* for dune occurence are validated quantitatively and qualitatively using two sets of experiments, experiments conducted by Van der Zwaard (1974) and a recently conducted set of experiments at the Leichtweiß-institute, Germany.

KW - IR-67897

KW - METIS-241135

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 0-415-4536-3-1

SP - 633

EP - 639

BT - River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, RCEM 2007, 17-21 September 2007, Enschede, The Netherlands, Vol I

A2 - Dohmen-Janssen, Catarine M.

A2 - Dohmen - Janssen, C.M.

A2 - Hulscher, S.J.M.H.

A2 - Hulscher, Suzanne J.M.H.

PB - Taylor & Francis

CY - London

ER -

Tuijnder A, Ribberink JS. Predicting the occurrrence of dunes under supply limited conditions. In Dohmen-Janssen CM, Dohmen - Janssen CM, Hulscher SJMH, Hulscher SJMH, editors, River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, RCEM 2007, 17-21 September 2007, Enschede, The Netherlands, Vol I. London: Taylor & Francis. 2007. p. 633-639