Predictive coding for motion stimuli in human early visual cortex

Wouter Schellekens, L. Zaborszky (Editor), K. Zilles (Editor), Richard Jack Anton van Wezel, Natalia Petridou, Nick F. Ramsey, Mathijs Raemeakers

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)


    The current study investigates if early visual cortical areas, V1, V2 and V3, use predictive coding to process motion information. Previous studies have reported biased visual motion responses at locations where novel visual information was presented (i.e., the motion trailing edge), which is plausibly linked to the predictability of visual input. Using high-field functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we measured brain activation during predictable versus unpreceded motion-induced contrast changes during several motion stimuli. We found that unpreceded moving dots appearing at the trailing edge gave rise to enhanced BOLD responses, whereas predictable moving dots at the leading edge resulted in suppressed BOLD responses. Furthermore, we excluded biases in directional sensitivity, shifts in cortical stimulus representation, visuo-spatial attention and classical receptive field effects as viable alternative explanations. The results clearly indicate the presence of predictive coding mechanisms in early visual cortex for visual motion processing, underlying the construction of stable percepts out of highly dynamic visual input.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)879-890
    Number of pages12
    JournalBrain structure and function
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016


    • – Motion suppression
    • – Predictive coding
    • – Visual cortex
    • – Visual motion
    • visual motion
    • IR-99505
    • Predictive coding
    • Motion suppression
    • High-field fMRI
    • Visual cortex
    • EWI-27371

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