Predictive Monitoring of Large-Scale Engineering Assets Using Machine Learning Techniques and Reduced-Order Modeling

Caterina Bigoni*, Mengwu Guo, Jan S. Hesthaven

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Structural health monitoring techniques aim at providing an automated solution to the threat of unsurveilled aging of structures that can have tremendous consequences in terms of fatalities, environmental pollution, and economic loss. To assess the state of damage of a complex structure, this paper proposes to fully characterize its behavior under multiple environmental and operational scenarios and compare new sensor measurements with the baseline behavior. However, the repeated simulations of a nonlinear, time-dependent structural model with high-dimensional input parameters represent a severe computational bottleneck for large-scale engineering assets. This chapter presents how to use efficient reduced-order modeling techniques to mitigate the computational effort of many-query simulations without jeopardizing the accuracy. To compare new sensor measurements with the natural behavior of synthetic solutions, the proposed methodology uses hierarchical semi-supervised learning algorithms on a small amount of extracted damage-sensitive features, thus allowing one to assess the state of damage in real time. Using the inexpensive simulations, one can also optimally place sensors to maximize the observability of discriminant features. The all-round methodology is validated on a numerical example.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStructural health monitoring based on data science techniques
EditorsAlexandre Cury, Diogo Ribeiro, Filippo Ubertini, Michael D. Todd
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer
Pages185-205
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-81716-9
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-81715-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2021

Publication series

NameStructural Integrity (STIN)
PublisherSpringer
Volume21
ISSN (Print)2522-560X
ISSN (Electronic)2522-5618

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