Structural health monitoring techniques aim at providing an automated solution to the threat of unsurveilled aging of structures that can have tremendous consequences in terms of fatalities, environmental pollution, and economic loss. To assess the state of damage of a complex structure, this paper proposes to fully characterize its behavior under multiple environmental and operational scenarios and compare new sensor measurements with the baseline behavior. However, the repeated simulations of a nonlinear, time-dependent structural model with high-dimensional input parameters represent a severe computational bottleneck for large-scale engineering assets. This chapter presents how to use efficient reduced-order modeling techniques to mitigate the computational effort of many-query simulations without jeopardizing the accuracy. To compare new sensor measurements with the natural behavior of synthetic solutions, the proposed methodology uses hierarchical semi-supervised learning algorithms on a small amount of extracted damage-sensitive features, thus allowing one to assess the state of damage in real time. Using the inexpensive simulations, one can also optimally place sensors to maximize the observability of discriminant features. The all-round methodology is validated on a numerical example.
|Title of host publication||Structural health monitoring based on data science techniques|
|Editors||Alexandre Cury, Diogo Ribeiro, Filippo Ubertini, Michael D. Todd|
|Place of Publication||Cham|
|Number of pages||21|
|Publication status||Published - 24 Oct 2021|
|Name||Structural Integrity (STIN)|