Preliminary results of training with gravity compensation of the arm in chronic stroke survivors

H. van der Kooij, Grada Berendina Prange, G.B. Prange, T. Krabben, G.J. Renzenbrink, J. de Boer, H.J. Hermens, M.J.A. Jannink

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    After stroke, arm function can be limited by a reduction in the selectivity of movements, due to involuntary coupling of shoulder abduction and elbow flexion, limiting the ability to reach. Gravity compensation of the arm reduces the required active shoulder abduction torques, which results in a larger range of motion instantaneously. Integration of a motivating rehabilitation game in the training program stimulates motor relearning processes during training. During 6 weeks, 8 chronic stroke survivors received 3 sessions of 30 minutes gravity compensated reach training per week using a rehabilitation game, which was evaluated by assessing motor status and a circle drawing task before and after training. After gravity compensation training, Fugl Meyer scores and the range of motion obtained from the circle drawing task had improved in a seven of the eight chronic stroke survivors. The present findings indicate that gravity compensation in combination with rehab games can be a valuable training modality for stroke rehabilitation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009
    Place of PublicationUSA
    PublisherIEEE
    Pages2426 -2429
    Number of pages4
    Volume1
    ISBN (Print)978-1-42443-296-7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 3 Sep 2009
    Event31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2009 - The Hilton Minneapolis, Minneapolis, United States
    Duration: 3 Sep 20096 Sep 2009
    Conference number: 31

    Conference

    Conference31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2009
    Abbreviated titleEMBC
    CountryUnited States
    CityMinneapolis
    Period3/09/096/09/09

    Keywords

    • Fugl Meyer score
    • Arm function
    • Rehabilitation game
    • Motor relearning process
    • Gravity compensated reach training
    • Chronic stroke survivor training
    • Circle drawing task
    • Active shoulder abduction torques
    • BSS-biomechatronics and rehabilitation technology
    • Motor status assessment

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