Preparation of photonic crystals made of air spheres in titania

Judith E.G.J. Wijnhoven, Willem L. Vos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1709 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three-dimensional crystals of air spheres in titania (TiO2) with radii between 120 and 1000 nanometers were made by filling the voids in artificial opals by precipitation from a liquid-phase chemical reaction and subsequently removing the original opal material by calcination. These macroporous materials are a new class of photonic band gap crystals for the optical spectrum. Scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and optical microscopy confirm the quality of the samples, and optical reflectivity demonstrates that the crystals are strongly photonic and near that needed to exhibit band gap behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)802-804
Number of pages3
JournalScience
Volume281
Issue number5378
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Aug 1998
Externally publishedYes

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