Preparation of Ti, Ti/TiC or Ti/TiN based hollow fibres with extremely low electrical resistivity

Ronald P.H. Jong, Piotr M. Krzywda, Nieck E. Benes, Guido Mul*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
24 Downloads (Pure)


Porous Ti based hollow fibres with extremely low electrical resistivity (4.1-9.6 μΩ m), orders of magnitude smaller than reported for Ti-fibres in the literature, were produced by dry-wet spinning of a mixture of Ti-particles, polyethersulfone (PES), andN-methylpyrrolidone (NMP). Utilizing a two-step thermal decomposition of PES, consisting of treatment in air at 475 °C, followed by treatment in argon at 800 °C, hollow fibres of entirely metallic Ti are obtained, as confirmed by XRD, SEM-EDS, and TGA-MS analyses. Only a thin oxide layer is formed due to ambient surface oxidation, as identified by XPS analysis. Carbonization of the polymer under an inert atmosphere can be used to produce a Ti/TiC-composite. To obtain a Ti/TiN composite, the porous Ti-tubes can be treated in nitrogen atmosphere at 800 °C. The porosity, pore size distribution, and bending-strength of the fibres were determined for a low (800 °C) and high (1100 °C) degree of sintering, and it was found that these are largely independent of the chemical surface composition. The presence of TiC or TiN, likely in an outer, but crystalline shell (based on XRD and XPS data), results in lower resistivity than of the pure Ti fibres, which can be attributed to the insulating layer of TiC or TiN preventing capacitive effects at the Ti/air interface. The developed preparation methodology results in porous metallic and composite Ti based fibres, which are very suitable for electrochemical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31901-31908
Number of pages8
JournalRSC advances
Issue number53
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2020


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