Differences with regard to the effectiveness of health information and attitude change are suggested between people with direct, behavioral experiences with a health topic and people with indirect, nonbehavioral experiences. The effects of three different methods of health education about epilepsy, frequently used in health education practice, are assessed in a pretest posttest design with control groups, controlling for experiences with epilepsy. Subjects were 132 students from teacher-training colleges. After all treatments, attitudes, and knowledge about epilepsy were changed in a positive way. Treatments were found to be equally effective. Before treatment, direct behavioral experiences were related to knowledge and a more positive attitude towards epilepsy. After treatment, subjects with direct behavioral experiences with epilepsy showed less change of attitude and knowledge as compared with subjects with indirect experiences. Direct experiences appear to restrain the processing of new information and attitude change.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1986|
Gutteling, J. M., Seydel, E. R., & Wiegman, O. (1986). Previous Experiences with Epilepsy and Effectiveness of Information to Change Public Perception of Epilepsy. Epilepsia, 27(6), 739-745. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1528-1157.1986.tb03604.x