Abstract In this paper we propose a valuation and hedging strategy for a guaranteed minimal rate of return on a mix fund, which participates in both bonds and stocks. For the case where a fixed amount of money is invested, we show that a European put option on the mix fund replicates the cash flows of this guarantee at all times and using the arbitrage-free pricing methodology, the market value of the guarantee can be obtained explicitly. Using historical data, we show that modeling the correlation between equity and bond returns is of fundamental importance when the stochastic nature of the term structure of interest rates is taken into account. For this model we define a hedging strategy which shows how the dependency of the option on the changing yield of the bond fund can be hedged away using mix fund contracts. We also show how Monte Carlo methods can be used to analyze the case where the guarantee is given on periodically invested fixed amounts of money instead of one single payment.
Vellekoop, M. H., van de Kamp, A. A., & Post, B. A. (2006). Pricing and Hedging Guaranteed Returns on Mix Funds. Insurance: mathematics & economics, 38(06EX1521/3), 585-598. [10.1016/j.insmatheco.2005.12.003]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.insmatheco.2005.12.003