We investigated the depth dependence of current-induced magnetic fields in a bilayer of a normal metal (Au) and a ferrimagnetic insulator (Yttrium Iron Garnet-YIG) by using low energy muon spin spectroscopy (LE- lSR). This allows us to explore how these fields vary from the Au surface down to the buried Au vertical bar YIG interface, which is relevant to study physics like the spin-Hall effect. We observed a maximum shift of 0.4 G in the internal field of muons at the surface of Au film which is in close agreement with the value expected for Oersted fields. As muons are implanted closer to the AujYIG interface, the shift is strongly suppressed, which we attribute to the dipolar fields present at the AujYIG interface. Combining our measurements with modeling, we show that dipolar fields caused by the finite roughness of the AujYIG interface consistently explain our observations. Our results, therefore, gauge the limits on the spatial resolution and the sensitivity of LE- mu SR to the roughness of the buried magnetic interfaces, a prerequisite for future studies addressing current induced fields caused by the spin-accumulations due to the spin-Hall effect. Published by AIP Publishing.
Aqeel, A., Vera-Marun, I. J., Salman, Z., Prokscha, T., Suter, A., van Wees, B. J., & Palstra, T. T. M. (2017). Probing current-induced magnetic fields in Auj vertical bar YIG heterostructures with low-energy muon spin spectroscopy. Applied physics letters, 110(6), . https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4975487