Probing the interactions of calix[4]arene-based amphiphiles and cyclodextrins in water

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The surfactant behavior of the water-soluble calix[4]arene 1, which has carboxylate groups at the upper rim and two phenyl groups at the lower rim, and its complexation to -cyclodextrin were studied. The critical micelle concentration (cmc) of 1 and of tetrapropoxycalix[4]arenetetracarboxylate 2 are 35 and 650 M, respectively. The stabilities of the 1:1 inclusion complexes of -cyclodextrin with 1 and 2 are 1.3 × 104 and 1.5 × 103 M-1, respectively. The stability of the former complex was derived from a calorimetric titration under conditions where 1 is largely micellized. A minimization routine is described for determining the heat contributions of demicellization and complexation. The association of 1 to -cyclodextrin is enthalpy-driven, which, together with the high K value and the 1:1 binding stoichiometry, indicates that both pendant phenyl rings of 1 are included in the y-cyclodextrin cavity.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)4864-4870
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2000


  • METIS-106272
  • IR-11656

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