Transcutaneous electromyography (tc-EMG) has been used to measure the electrical activity of respiratory muscles during inspiration in various studies. Processing the raw tc-EMG signal of these inspiratory muscles has shown to be difficult as baseline noise, cardiac interference, cross-talk and motion artefacts can influence the signal quality. In this review we will discuss the most important sources of signal noise in tc-EMG of respiratory muscles and the various techniques described to suppress or reduce this signal noise. Furthermore, we will elaborate on the options available to develop or improve an algorithm that can be used to guide the approach for analysis of tc-EMG signals of inspiratory muscles in future research.
- Cardiac interference
- Independent component analysis
- Respiratory muscles
- Spectral analysis