Product Integrated Photovoltaics

Angèle Reinders, Georgia Apostolou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


Product‐integrated photovoltaics (PIPV) is a relatively new field of interest in the PV community with great potential to use photovoltaics in the direct context of energy consumption by products. This chapter illustrates each application area of PIPV based on established product categories of PIPV as indicated: consumer products; lighting products; business‐to‐business applications; recreational products; vehicles and transportation; and arts. A dominant factor in the design of PIPV is the required area on products surfaces that can be covered by solar cells. The typical area of solar cells in PIPV is determined by a trade‐off of the internal power consumption of a product, its characteristic run time that results from the user behavior, the available area on the product, the PV technology applied, the storage capacity, and the irradiance conditions in the product's surrounding. In the near future one may find new PIPV applications in lighting products, boats and other vehicles, and in indoor sensor networks.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhotovoltaic Solar Energy
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Fundamentals to Applications
EditorsAngèle Reinders, Pierre Verlinden, Wilfried van Sark, Alexandre Freundlich
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-118-92749-6
ISBN (Print)978-1-118-92746-5
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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