At the University of Twente, research on the development of a sorption-based micro cooler is in progress. Because of the absence of moving parts, such a cooler is virtually vibration free and highly durable, which potentially results in a long lifetime. A miniature cryogenic cooler with these properties would be appealing in a wide variety of applications including the cooling of vibration-sensitive detectors in space missions, low-noise amplifiers and semi- and superconducting circuitry.
The objective of the present project is to scale down a Joule-Thomson (JT) cold stage to a total volume of a few hundredths of a cm3. This size reduction introduces many problems. The proposed cold stage volume results in a restriction cross-sectional area of about a thousandth of a mm2 which may cause clogging problems. Flow channels with a cross-sectional area of a few hundredths of a mm2 will produce high pressure drops influencing the JT cycle. Furthermore, the micro channels must be capable of withstanding high pressures and maintaining a large temperature gradient over a relatively short length.
The project aim is to develop a reliable micro JT cold stage that is fabricated out of one material with a relatively simple and reproducible fabrication method. The length of the cold stage is calculated at about 20 mm with a width of 1.7 mm and height of about 0.3 mm. The mass flow is in the order of one mg per second to create a net cooling power of 10 mW at 96 K. The final objective of the project is to integrate the cold stage, vacuum chamber and device into one compact design. This paper discusses possible solutions to the problems mentioned and presents a concept design of such a miniature JT cold stage.
|Conference||13th International Cryocooler Conference, Cryocoolers-13 2004|
|Period||28/03/04 → 1/04/04|
|Other||March 29 - April 1, 2004|