Progress on the design development and prototype manufacturing of the ITER In-vessel coils

A. Encheva*, H. Omran, A. Devred, A. Vostner, N. Mitchell, N. Mariani, F. Long, C. Zhou, B. Macklin, H. P. Marti, C. Sborchia, A. Della della Corte, A. Di Zenobio, A. Anemona, R. Righetti, Y. Wu, H. Jin, A. Xu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


ITER is incorporating two types of In-Vessel Coils (IVCs): ELM Coils to mitigate Edge Localized Modes and VS Coils to provide a reliable Vertical Stabilization of the plasma. Strong coupling with the plasma is required in order that the ELM and VS Coils can meet their performance requirements. Accordingly, the IVCs are mounted on the Vacuum Vessel (VV) inner wall, in close proximity to the plasma, just behind the Blanket Shield Modules (BSM). Due to high radiation environment, mineral insulated copper conductors enclosed in a stainless steel jacket have been selected.The reference design and prototype work provided a good basis for the development of radiation resistant conductor capable of operating within the harsh conditions in ITER vacuum chamber. However, this effort identified shortcomings in achieving satisfactory manufacturing solution, and most significantly, difficulties in brazing the brackets onto the ELM coil conductor. Since this process has not proven successful, alternative designs are under development and prototyping. Prototype manufacturing on the alternative designs has been completed at ICAS, Italy and ASIPP, China. The aim was to eliminate the need for internal coil joints, to prove the principle of longer conductor length manufacturing, and to perform bending and welding trials on two different conductor cross-sections: circular and square.The procurement of the IVCs and their conductors will be done via direct call for tender from the ITER Organization. This paper will give an overview of the alternative design and prototype manufacturing of the ITER In-Vessel coils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)496-500
JournalFusion engineering and design
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017


  • Edge localized modes
  • Elm
  • In-Vessel coils
  • ITER
  • IVC
  • Mineral insulated conductor
  • Procurement
  • Prototype manufacturing
  • Vertical stabilization
  • VS
  • n/a OA procedure


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