Promote flexitarian diets worldwide: Supplementary information to: Governments should unite to curb meat consumption

Philip Lymbery, Jane Goodall, Barry Popkin, Richard Templer, Martin Kemp, Clive Phillips, M.S. Swaminathan, Raj Patel, Marc Bekoff, Paul Cliteur, Mark Eisler, David Clough, Neil Messer, Ben Mepham, Toby Knowles, Andrew Knight, Hab. Andrzej Elzanowski, Brian Hare, Dave Goulson, Arjen Hoekstra & 37 others Alan McElligott, Claus Leitzmann, Randy Malamud, Carola Strassner, Bernard E. Rollin, Kurt Remele, Ian Duncan, Michael J. Reiss, Anil K. Gupta, Steve Garlick, Graeme B. Martin, Fred Steward, Richard D. Ryder, Alexandros Frantzis, Jan Willem Erisman, Grazia Francescato, Maitree Suttajit, Hans Herren, Martin Henig, Kate Rawles, David Madden, Jonathon Porritt, Chinny Krishna, Nanditha Krishna, Dan Brook, Eleanor Boyle, Ros Draper, Charles Patterson, Katya Lester, Marina Lewycka, Andrew Nn Rowan, Joanna Lumley, Ben Goldsmith, Chris Mullin, Stanley Johnson, Fazlun Khalid, Tim Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/Letter to the editorAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Marco Springmann and colleagues warn that we must shift to more plant-based ‘flexitarian’ diets if we are to reduce the food system’s projected greenhouse-gas emissions and meet the targets of the 2015 Paris Agreement (Nature 562, 519–525; 2018). We urge countries to work with the United Nations towards a global agreement on food and agriculture that promotes the adoption of such diets, which are more sustainable than meat-based diets and are backed by evidence on healthy eating.

Such an agreement would be in line with findings by focus groups in the United States, China, Brazil and the United Kingdom, which indicate that governments should urgently address unsustainable meat consumption (see go.nature.com/2asd1ag). In industrial agriculture, cereals that are edible to humans are fed to animals for conversion into meat and milk. This undermines our food security: rearing livestock is efficient only if the animals convert materials we cannot consume into food we can eat. That means raising them on extensive grasslands, rotating integrated crop-livestock systems and using by-products, unavoidable food waste and crop residues as feed.

Feeding animals exclusively on such materials would greatly reduce the availability and hence the consumption of meat and dairy products, as well as the use of water, energy and pesticides — thereby cutting greenhouse-gas emissions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-325
Number of pages1
JournalNature
Volume563
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2018

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meat consumption
greenhouse gas emissions
livestock
meat
plant-based diet
agriculture
food waste
United Nations
focus groups
healthy diet
animal feeding
food crops
crop residues
food security
meat products
diet
byproducts
dairy products
United Kingdom
animals

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Lymbery, P., Goodall, J., Popkin, B., Templer, R., Kemp, M., Phillips, C., ... Jackson, T. (2018). Promote flexitarian diets worldwide: Supplementary information to: Governments should unite to curb meat consumption. Nature, 563, 325-325. https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-018-07384-z
Lymbery, Philip ; Goodall, Jane ; Popkin, Barry ; Templer, Richard ; Kemp, Martin ; Phillips, Clive ; Swaminathan, M.S. ; Patel, Raj ; Bekoff, Marc ; Cliteur, Paul ; Eisler, Mark ; Clough, David ; Messer, Neil ; Mepham, Ben ; Knowles, Toby ; Knight, Andrew ; Elzanowski, Hab. Andrzej ; Hare, Brian ; Goulson, Dave ; Hoekstra, Arjen ; McElligott, Alan ; Leitzmann, Claus ; Malamud, Randy ; Strassner, Carola ; Rollin, Bernard E. ; Remele, Kurt ; Duncan, Ian ; Reiss, Michael J. ; Gupta, Anil K. ; Garlick, Steve ; Martin, Graeme B. ; Steward, Fred ; Ryder, Richard D. ; Frantzis, Alexandros ; Erisman, Jan Willem ; Francescato, Grazia ; Suttajit, Maitree ; Herren, Hans ; Henig, Martin ; Rawles, Kate ; Madden, David ; Porritt, Jonathon ; Krishna, Chinny ; Krishna, Nanditha ; Brook, Dan ; Boyle, Eleanor ; Draper, Ros ; Patterson, Charles ; Lester, Katya ; Lewycka, Marina ; Rowan, Andrew Nn ; Lumley, Joanna ; Goldsmith, Ben ; Mullin, Chris ; Johnson, Stanley ; Khalid, Fazlun ; Jackson, Tim. / Promote flexitarian diets worldwide : Supplementary information to: Governments should unite to curb meat consumption. In: Nature. 2018 ; Vol. 563. pp. 325-325.
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abstract = "Marco Springmann and colleagues warn that we must shift to more plant-based ‘flexitarian’ diets if we are to reduce the food system’s projected greenhouse-gas emissions and meet the targets of the 2015 Paris Agreement (Nature 562, 519–525; 2018). We urge countries to work with the United Nations towards a global agreement on food and agriculture that promotes the adoption of such diets, which are more sustainable than meat-based diets and are backed by evidence on healthy eating.Such an agreement would be in line with findings by focus groups in the United States, China, Brazil and the United Kingdom, which indicate that governments should urgently address unsustainable meat consumption (see go.nature.com/2asd1ag). In industrial agriculture, cereals that are edible to humans are fed to animals for conversion into meat and milk. This undermines our food security: rearing livestock is efficient only if the animals convert materials we cannot consume into food we can eat. That means raising them on extensive grasslands, rotating integrated crop-livestock systems and using by-products, unavoidable food waste and crop residues as feed.Feeding animals exclusively on such materials would greatly reduce the availability and hence the consumption of meat and dairy products, as well as the use of water, energy and pesticides — thereby cutting greenhouse-gas emissions.",
author = "Philip Lymbery and Jane Goodall and Barry Popkin and Richard Templer and Martin Kemp and Clive Phillips and M.S. Swaminathan and Raj Patel and Marc Bekoff and Paul Cliteur and Mark Eisler and David Clough and Neil Messer and Ben Mepham and Toby Knowles and Andrew Knight and Elzanowski, {Hab. Andrzej} and Brian Hare and Dave Goulson and Arjen Hoekstra and Alan McElligott and Claus Leitzmann and Randy Malamud and Carola Strassner and Rollin, {Bernard E.} and Kurt Remele and Ian Duncan and Reiss, {Michael J.} and Gupta, {Anil K.} and Steve Garlick and Martin, {Graeme B.} and Fred Steward and Ryder, {Richard D.} and Alexandros Frantzis and Erisman, {Jan Willem} and Grazia Francescato and Maitree Suttajit and Hans Herren and Martin Henig and Kate Rawles and David Madden and Jonathon Porritt and Chinny Krishna and Nanditha Krishna and Dan Brook and Eleanor Boyle and Ros Draper and Charles Patterson and Katya Lester and Marina Lewycka and Rowan, {Andrew Nn} and Joanna Lumley and Ben Goldsmith and Chris Mullin and Stanley Johnson and Fazlun Khalid and Tim Jackson",
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Lymbery, P, Goodall, J, Popkin, B, Templer, R, Kemp, M, Phillips, C, Swaminathan, MS, Patel, R, Bekoff, M, Cliteur, P, Eisler, M, Clough, D, Messer, N, Mepham, B, Knowles, T, Knight, A, Elzanowski, HA, Hare, B, Goulson, D, Hoekstra, A, McElligott, A, Leitzmann, C, Malamud, R, Strassner, C, Rollin, BE, Remele, K, Duncan, I, Reiss, MJ, Gupta, AK, Garlick, S, Martin, GB, Steward, F, Ryder, RD, Frantzis, A, Erisman, JW, Francescato, G, Suttajit, M, Herren, H, Henig, M, Rawles, K, Madden, D, Porritt, J, Krishna, C, Krishna, N, Brook, D, Boyle, E, Draper, R, Patterson, C, Lester, K, Lewycka, M, Rowan, AN, Lumley, J, Goldsmith, B, Mullin, C, Johnson, S, Khalid, F & Jackson, T 2018, 'Promote flexitarian diets worldwide: Supplementary information to: Governments should unite to curb meat consumption' Nature, vol. 563, pp. 325-325. https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-018-07384-z

Promote flexitarian diets worldwide : Supplementary information to: Governments should unite to curb meat consumption. / Lymbery, Philip; Goodall, Jane; Popkin, Barry; Templer, Richard; Kemp, Martin; Phillips, Clive; Swaminathan, M.S.; Patel, Raj; Bekoff, Marc; Cliteur, Paul; Eisler, Mark; Clough, David; Messer, Neil; Mepham, Ben; Knowles, Toby; Knight, Andrew; Elzanowski, Hab. Andrzej; Hare, Brian; Goulson, Dave; Hoekstra, Arjen; McElligott, Alan; Leitzmann, Claus; Malamud, Randy; Strassner, Carola; Rollin, Bernard E.; Remele, Kurt; Duncan, Ian; Reiss, Michael J.; Gupta, Anil K.; Garlick, Steve; Martin, Graeme B.; Steward, Fred; Ryder, Richard D.; Frantzis, Alexandros; Erisman, Jan Willem; Francescato, Grazia; Suttajit, Maitree; Herren, Hans; Henig, Martin; Rawles, Kate; Madden, David; Porritt, Jonathon; Krishna, Chinny; Krishna, Nanditha; Brook, Dan; Boyle, Eleanor; Draper, Ros; Patterson, Charles; Lester, Katya; Lewycka, Marina; Rowan, Andrew Nn; Lumley, Joanna; Goldsmith, Ben; Mullin, Chris; Johnson, Stanley; Khalid, Fazlun; Jackson, Tim.

In: Nature, Vol. 563, 15.11.2018, p. 325-325.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/Letter to the editorAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Promote flexitarian diets worldwide

T2 - Supplementary information to: Governments should unite to curb meat consumption

AU - Lymbery, Philip

AU - Goodall, Jane

AU - Popkin, Barry

AU - Templer, Richard

AU - Kemp, Martin

AU - Phillips, Clive

AU - Swaminathan, M.S.

AU - Patel, Raj

AU - Bekoff, Marc

AU - Cliteur, Paul

AU - Eisler, Mark

AU - Clough, David

AU - Messer, Neil

AU - Mepham, Ben

AU - Knowles, Toby

AU - Knight, Andrew

AU - Elzanowski, Hab. Andrzej

AU - Hare, Brian

AU - Goulson, Dave

AU - Hoekstra, Arjen

AU - McElligott, Alan

AU - Leitzmann, Claus

AU - Malamud, Randy

AU - Strassner, Carola

AU - Rollin, Bernard E.

AU - Remele, Kurt

AU - Duncan, Ian

AU - Reiss, Michael J.

AU - Gupta, Anil K.

AU - Garlick, Steve

AU - Martin, Graeme B.

AU - Steward, Fred

AU - Ryder, Richard D.

AU - Frantzis, Alexandros

AU - Erisman, Jan Willem

AU - Francescato, Grazia

AU - Suttajit, Maitree

AU - Herren, Hans

AU - Henig, Martin

AU - Rawles, Kate

AU - Madden, David

AU - Porritt, Jonathon

AU - Krishna, Chinny

AU - Krishna, Nanditha

AU - Brook, Dan

AU - Boyle, Eleanor

AU - Draper, Ros

AU - Patterson, Charles

AU - Lester, Katya

AU - Lewycka, Marina

AU - Rowan, Andrew Nn

AU - Lumley, Joanna

AU - Goldsmith, Ben

AU - Mullin, Chris

AU - Johnson, Stanley

AU - Khalid, Fazlun

AU - Jackson, Tim

PY - 2018/11/15

Y1 - 2018/11/15

N2 - Marco Springmann and colleagues warn that we must shift to more plant-based ‘flexitarian’ diets if we are to reduce the food system’s projected greenhouse-gas emissions and meet the targets of the 2015 Paris Agreement (Nature 562, 519–525; 2018). We urge countries to work with the United Nations towards a global agreement on food and agriculture that promotes the adoption of such diets, which are more sustainable than meat-based diets and are backed by evidence on healthy eating.Such an agreement would be in line with findings by focus groups in the United States, China, Brazil and the United Kingdom, which indicate that governments should urgently address unsustainable meat consumption (see go.nature.com/2asd1ag). In industrial agriculture, cereals that are edible to humans are fed to animals for conversion into meat and milk. This undermines our food security: rearing livestock is efficient only if the animals convert materials we cannot consume into food we can eat. That means raising them on extensive grasslands, rotating integrated crop-livestock systems and using by-products, unavoidable food waste and crop residues as feed.Feeding animals exclusively on such materials would greatly reduce the availability and hence the consumption of meat and dairy products, as well as the use of water, energy and pesticides — thereby cutting greenhouse-gas emissions.

AB - Marco Springmann and colleagues warn that we must shift to more plant-based ‘flexitarian’ diets if we are to reduce the food system’s projected greenhouse-gas emissions and meet the targets of the 2015 Paris Agreement (Nature 562, 519–525; 2018). We urge countries to work with the United Nations towards a global agreement on food and agriculture that promotes the adoption of such diets, which are more sustainable than meat-based diets and are backed by evidence on healthy eating.Such an agreement would be in line with findings by focus groups in the United States, China, Brazil and the United Kingdom, which indicate that governments should urgently address unsustainable meat consumption (see go.nature.com/2asd1ag). In industrial agriculture, cereals that are edible to humans are fed to animals for conversion into meat and milk. This undermines our food security: rearing livestock is efficient only if the animals convert materials we cannot consume into food we can eat. That means raising them on extensive grasslands, rotating integrated crop-livestock systems and using by-products, unavoidable food waste and crop residues as feed.Feeding animals exclusively on such materials would greatly reduce the availability and hence the consumption of meat and dairy products, as well as the use of water, energy and pesticides — thereby cutting greenhouse-gas emissions.

UR - https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0594-0

U2 - 10.1038/d41586-018-07384-z

DO - 10.1038/d41586-018-07384-z

M3 - Comment/Letter to the editor

VL - 563

SP - 325

EP - 325

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

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