Promote flexitarian diets worldwide: Supplementary information to: Governments should unite to curb meat consumption

Philip Lymbery, Jane Goodall, Barry Popkin, Richard Templer, Martin Kemp, Clive Phillips, M.S. Swaminathan, Raj Patel, Marc Bekoff, Paul Cliteur, Mark Eisler, David Clough, Neil Messer, Ben Mepham, Toby Knowles, Andrew Knight, Hab. Andrzej Elzanowski, Brian Hare, Dave Goulson, Arjen HoekstraAlan McElligott, Claus Leitzmann, Randy Malamud, Carola Strassner, Bernard E. Rollin, Kurt Remele, Ian Duncan, Michael J. Reiss, Anil K. Gupta, Steve Garlick, Graeme B. Martin, Fred Steward, Richard D. Ryder, Alexandros Frantzis, Jan Willem Erisman, Grazia Francescato, Maitree Suttajit, Hans Herren, Martin Henig, Kate Rawles, David Madden, Jonathon Porritt, Chinny Krishna, Nanditha Krishna, Dan Brook, Eleanor Boyle, Ros Draper, Charles Patterson, Katya Lester, Marina Lewycka, Andrew Nn Rowan, Joanna Lumley, Ben Goldsmith, Chris Mullin, Stanley Johnson, Fazlun Khalid, Tim Jackson

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/Letter to the editorAcademicpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Marco Springmann and colleagues warn that we must shift to more plant-based ‘flexitarian’ diets if we are to reduce the food system’s projected greenhouse-gas emissions and meet the targets of the 2015 Paris Agreement (Nature 562, 519–525; 2018). We urge countries to work with the United Nations towards a global agreement on food and agriculture that promotes the adoption of such diets, which are more sustainable than meat-based diets and are backed by evidence on healthy eating.

    Such an agreement would be in line with findings by focus groups in the United States, China, Brazil and the United Kingdom, which indicate that governments should urgently address unsustainable meat consumption (see go.nature.com/2asd1ag). In industrial agriculture, cereals that are edible to humans are fed to animals for conversion into meat and milk. This undermines our food security: rearing livestock is efficient only if the animals convert materials we cannot consume into food we can eat. That means raising them on extensive grasslands, rotating integrated crop-livestock systems and using by-products, unavoidable food waste and crop residues as feed.

    Feeding animals exclusively on such materials would greatly reduce the availability and hence the consumption of meat and dairy products, as well as the use of water, energy and pesticides — thereby cutting greenhouse-gas emissions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)325-325
    Number of pages1
    JournalNature
    Volume563
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2018

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    meat consumption
    greenhouse gas emissions
    livestock
    meat
    plant-based diet
    agriculture
    food waste
    United Nations
    focus groups
    healthy diet
    animal feeding
    food crops
    crop residues
    food security
    meat products
    diet
    byproducts
    dairy products
    United Kingdom
    animals

    Cite this

    Lymbery, P., Goodall, J., Popkin, B., Templer, R., Kemp, M., Phillips, C., ... Jackson, T. (2018). Promote flexitarian diets worldwide: Supplementary information to: Governments should unite to curb meat consumption. Nature, 563, 325-325. https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-018-07384-z
    Lymbery, Philip ; Goodall, Jane ; Popkin, Barry ; Templer, Richard ; Kemp, Martin ; Phillips, Clive ; Swaminathan, M.S. ; Patel, Raj ; Bekoff, Marc ; Cliteur, Paul ; Eisler, Mark ; Clough, David ; Messer, Neil ; Mepham, Ben ; Knowles, Toby ; Knight, Andrew ; Elzanowski, Hab. Andrzej ; Hare, Brian ; Goulson, Dave ; Hoekstra, Arjen ; McElligott, Alan ; Leitzmann, Claus ; Malamud, Randy ; Strassner, Carola ; Rollin, Bernard E. ; Remele, Kurt ; Duncan, Ian ; Reiss, Michael J. ; Gupta, Anil K. ; Garlick, Steve ; Martin, Graeme B. ; Steward, Fred ; Ryder, Richard D. ; Frantzis, Alexandros ; Erisman, Jan Willem ; Francescato, Grazia ; Suttajit, Maitree ; Herren, Hans ; Henig, Martin ; Rawles, Kate ; Madden, David ; Porritt, Jonathon ; Krishna, Chinny ; Krishna, Nanditha ; Brook, Dan ; Boyle, Eleanor ; Draper, Ros ; Patterson, Charles ; Lester, Katya ; Lewycka, Marina ; Rowan, Andrew Nn ; Lumley, Joanna ; Goldsmith, Ben ; Mullin, Chris ; Johnson, Stanley ; Khalid, Fazlun ; Jackson, Tim. / Promote flexitarian diets worldwide : Supplementary information to: Governments should unite to curb meat consumption. In: Nature. 2018 ; Vol. 563. pp. 325-325.
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    abstract = "Marco Springmann and colleagues warn that we must shift to more plant-based ‘flexitarian’ diets if we are to reduce the food system’s projected greenhouse-gas emissions and meet the targets of the 2015 Paris Agreement (Nature 562, 519–525; 2018). We urge countries to work with the United Nations towards a global agreement on food and agriculture that promotes the adoption of such diets, which are more sustainable than meat-based diets and are backed by evidence on healthy eating.Such an agreement would be in line with findings by focus groups in the United States, China, Brazil and the United Kingdom, which indicate that governments should urgently address unsustainable meat consumption (see go.nature.com/2asd1ag). In industrial agriculture, cereals that are edible to humans are fed to animals for conversion into meat and milk. This undermines our food security: rearing livestock is efficient only if the animals convert materials we cannot consume into food we can eat. That means raising them on extensive grasslands, rotating integrated crop-livestock systems and using by-products, unavoidable food waste and crop residues as feed.Feeding animals exclusively on such materials would greatly reduce the availability and hence the consumption of meat and dairy products, as well as the use of water, energy and pesticides — thereby cutting greenhouse-gas emissions.",
    author = "Philip Lymbery and Jane Goodall and Barry Popkin and Richard Templer and Martin Kemp and Clive Phillips and M.S. Swaminathan and Raj Patel and Marc Bekoff and Paul Cliteur and Mark Eisler and David Clough and Neil Messer and Ben Mepham and Toby Knowles and Andrew Knight and Elzanowski, {Hab. Andrzej} and Brian Hare and Dave Goulson and Arjen Hoekstra and Alan McElligott and Claus Leitzmann and Randy Malamud and Carola Strassner and Rollin, {Bernard E.} and Kurt Remele and Ian Duncan and Reiss, {Michael J.} and Gupta, {Anil K.} and Steve Garlick and Martin, {Graeme B.} and Fred Steward and Ryder, {Richard D.} and Alexandros Frantzis and Erisman, {Jan Willem} and Grazia Francescato and Maitree Suttajit and Hans Herren and Martin Henig and Kate Rawles and David Madden and Jonathon Porritt and Chinny Krishna and Nanditha Krishna and Dan Brook and Eleanor Boyle and Ros Draper and Charles Patterson and Katya Lester and Marina Lewycka and Rowan, {Andrew Nn} and Joanna Lumley and Ben Goldsmith and Chris Mullin and Stanley Johnson and Fazlun Khalid and Tim Jackson",
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    Lymbery, P, Goodall, J, Popkin, B, Templer, R, Kemp, M, Phillips, C, Swaminathan, MS, Patel, R, Bekoff, M, Cliteur, P, Eisler, M, Clough, D, Messer, N, Mepham, B, Knowles, T, Knight, A, Elzanowski, HA, Hare, B, Goulson, D, Hoekstra, A, McElligott, A, Leitzmann, C, Malamud, R, Strassner, C, Rollin, BE, Remele, K, Duncan, I, Reiss, MJ, Gupta, AK, Garlick, S, Martin, GB, Steward, F, Ryder, RD, Frantzis, A, Erisman, JW, Francescato, G, Suttajit, M, Herren, H, Henig, M, Rawles, K, Madden, D, Porritt, J, Krishna, C, Krishna, N, Brook, D, Boyle, E, Draper, R, Patterson, C, Lester, K, Lewycka, M, Rowan, AN, Lumley, J, Goldsmith, B, Mullin, C, Johnson, S, Khalid, F & Jackson, T 2018, 'Promote flexitarian diets worldwide: Supplementary information to: Governments should unite to curb meat consumption', Nature, vol. 563, pp. 325-325. https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-018-07384-z

    Promote flexitarian diets worldwide : Supplementary information to: Governments should unite to curb meat consumption. / Lymbery, Philip; Goodall, Jane; Popkin, Barry; Templer, Richard; Kemp, Martin; Phillips, Clive; Swaminathan, M.S.; Patel, Raj; Bekoff, Marc; Cliteur, Paul; Eisler, Mark; Clough, David; Messer, Neil; Mepham, Ben; Knowles, Toby; Knight, Andrew; Elzanowski, Hab. Andrzej; Hare, Brian; Goulson, Dave; Hoekstra, Arjen; McElligott, Alan; Leitzmann, Claus; Malamud, Randy; Strassner, Carola; Rollin, Bernard E.; Remele, Kurt; Duncan, Ian; Reiss, Michael J.; Gupta, Anil K.; Garlick, Steve; Martin, Graeme B.; Steward, Fred; Ryder, Richard D.; Frantzis, Alexandros; Erisman, Jan Willem; Francescato, Grazia; Suttajit, Maitree; Herren, Hans; Henig, Martin; Rawles, Kate; Madden, David; Porritt, Jonathon; Krishna, Chinny; Krishna, Nanditha; Brook, Dan; Boyle, Eleanor; Draper, Ros; Patterson, Charles; Lester, Katya; Lewycka, Marina; Rowan, Andrew Nn; Lumley, Joanna; Goldsmith, Ben; Mullin, Chris; Johnson, Stanley; Khalid, Fazlun; Jackson, Tim.

    In: Nature, Vol. 563, 15.11.2018, p. 325-325.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/Letter to the editorAcademicpeer-review

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    AU - Goodall, Jane

    AU - Popkin, Barry

    AU - Templer, Richard

    AU - Kemp, Martin

    AU - Phillips, Clive

    AU - Swaminathan, M.S.

    AU - Patel, Raj

    AU - Bekoff, Marc

    AU - Cliteur, Paul

    AU - Eisler, Mark

    AU - Clough, David

    AU - Messer, Neil

    AU - Mepham, Ben

    AU - Knowles, Toby

    AU - Knight, Andrew

    AU - Elzanowski, Hab. Andrzej

    AU - Hare, Brian

    AU - Goulson, Dave

    AU - Hoekstra, Arjen

    AU - McElligott, Alan

    AU - Leitzmann, Claus

    AU - Malamud, Randy

    AU - Strassner, Carola

    AU - Rollin, Bernard E.

    AU - Remele, Kurt

    AU - Duncan, Ian

    AU - Reiss, Michael J.

    AU - Gupta, Anil K.

    AU - Garlick, Steve

    AU - Martin, Graeme B.

    AU - Steward, Fred

    AU - Ryder, Richard D.

    AU - Frantzis, Alexandros

    AU - Erisman, Jan Willem

    AU - Francescato, Grazia

    AU - Suttajit, Maitree

    AU - Herren, Hans

    AU - Henig, Martin

    AU - Rawles, Kate

    AU - Madden, David

    AU - Porritt, Jonathon

    AU - Krishna, Chinny

    AU - Krishna, Nanditha

    AU - Brook, Dan

    AU - Boyle, Eleanor

    AU - Draper, Ros

    AU - Patterson, Charles

    AU - Lester, Katya

    AU - Lewycka, Marina

    AU - Rowan, Andrew Nn

    AU - Lumley, Joanna

    AU - Goldsmith, Ben

    AU - Mullin, Chris

    AU - Johnson, Stanley

    AU - Khalid, Fazlun

    AU - Jackson, Tim

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    N2 - Marco Springmann and colleagues warn that we must shift to more plant-based ‘flexitarian’ diets if we are to reduce the food system’s projected greenhouse-gas emissions and meet the targets of the 2015 Paris Agreement (Nature 562, 519–525; 2018). We urge countries to work with the United Nations towards a global agreement on food and agriculture that promotes the adoption of such diets, which are more sustainable than meat-based diets and are backed by evidence on healthy eating.Such an agreement would be in line with findings by focus groups in the United States, China, Brazil and the United Kingdom, which indicate that governments should urgently address unsustainable meat consumption (see go.nature.com/2asd1ag). In industrial agriculture, cereals that are edible to humans are fed to animals for conversion into meat and milk. This undermines our food security: rearing livestock is efficient only if the animals convert materials we cannot consume into food we can eat. That means raising them on extensive grasslands, rotating integrated crop-livestock systems and using by-products, unavoidable food waste and crop residues as feed.Feeding animals exclusively on such materials would greatly reduce the availability and hence the consumption of meat and dairy products, as well as the use of water, energy and pesticides — thereby cutting greenhouse-gas emissions.

    AB - Marco Springmann and colleagues warn that we must shift to more plant-based ‘flexitarian’ diets if we are to reduce the food system’s projected greenhouse-gas emissions and meet the targets of the 2015 Paris Agreement (Nature 562, 519–525; 2018). We urge countries to work with the United Nations towards a global agreement on food and agriculture that promotes the adoption of such diets, which are more sustainable than meat-based diets and are backed by evidence on healthy eating.Such an agreement would be in line with findings by focus groups in the United States, China, Brazil and the United Kingdom, which indicate that governments should urgently address unsustainable meat consumption (see go.nature.com/2asd1ag). In industrial agriculture, cereals that are edible to humans are fed to animals for conversion into meat and milk. This undermines our food security: rearing livestock is efficient only if the animals convert materials we cannot consume into food we can eat. That means raising them on extensive grasslands, rotating integrated crop-livestock systems and using by-products, unavoidable food waste and crop residues as feed.Feeding animals exclusively on such materials would greatly reduce the availability and hence the consumption of meat and dairy products, as well as the use of water, energy and pesticides — thereby cutting greenhouse-gas emissions.

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