Properties and Phase Structure of Polycaprolactone-Based Segmented Polyurethanes with Varying Hard and Soft Segments: Effects of Processing Conditions

Balazs Imre, Hubert Gojzewski, Casey Check, Richard Chartoff* (Corresponding Author), G. Julius Vancso

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A series of segmented polycaprolactone polyurethane (PU) polymers is synthesized. One set of polymers ranges in composition from 0 to 100 wt% hard segments (HSs). The syntheses are carried out in solution and the polymers are melt-processed by compression molding. Another subset of polymers is formed in bulk from a blocked isocyanate prepolymer. The blocked polymer's thermal and mechanical properties are compared with the melt-processed materials. The emphasis in this paper is on the effects of varying the chemical structures of the PUs on their phase structures and physical cross-linking due to nanocrystalline hard domains. The thermal properties indicate that nanophase separation and the formation of hard domains occur at HS contents above ≈8 wt%. Property differences resulting from varying the hard segment amounts are directly related to differences in morphology at the nanoscale. Atomic force microscopy images show that the best elastomeric mechanical properties are found when nanocrystallites are 4-5 nm in size.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1700214
JournalMacromolecular chemistry and physics
Volume219
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • Hydrogen bonding
  • Phase morphology
  • Phase separation
  • Thermoplastic polyurethanes
  • Atomic force microscopy

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