We have designed and realized two types of proportional microcontrol valves in a silicon nitride surface channel technology process. This enables on-die integration of flow controllers with other surface channel devices, such as pressure sensors or thermal or Coriolis-based (mass) flow sensors, to obtain a proportional gas flow control system on a single chip. One valve design is implemented with inlet and outlet channels in the plane of the chip, which allows on-chip flow control between several fluidic components and allows up to 70 mg h−1 of flow at 200 m bar. The other valve design operates out-of-plane between surface channels and a fluidic inlet, offering a flow range up to 1250 mg h−1 at 600 m bar, smaller footprint, and low-leakage closure. Measured flow behavior agrees well with laminar flow models created for both valve types.
- EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP7/2007-2013
Groen, M., Groenesteijn, J., Meutstege, E., Brookhuis, R. A., Brouwer, D. M., Lötters, J. C., & Wiegerink, R. J. (2015). Proportional control valves integrated in silicon nitride surface channel technology. Journal of microelectromechanical systems, 24(6), 1759-1767. https://doi.org/10.1109/JMEMS.2015.2436402