Proteome analysis of human serum proteins adsorbed onto different titanium surfaces used in dental implants

Francisco Romero-Gavilán, N. C. Gomes, Joaquin Ródenas, Ana Sánchez, Mikel Azkargorta, Ibon Iloro, Felix Elortza, Iñaki García Arnáez, Mariló Gurruchaga, Isabel Goñi*, Julio Suay

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


Titanium dental implants are commonly used due to their biocompatibility and biochemical properties; blasted acid-etched Ti is used more frequently than smooth Ti surfaces. In this study, physico-chemical characterisation revealed important differences in roughness, chemical composition and hydrophilicity, but no differences were found in cellular in vitro studies (proliferation and mineralization). However, the deposition of proteins onto the implant surface might affect in vivo osseointegration. To test that hypothesis, protein layers formed on discs of both surface type after incubation with human serum were analysed. Using mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS), 218 proteins were identified, 30 of which were associated with bone metabolism. Interestingly, Apo E, antithrombin and protein C adsorbed mostly onto blasted and acid-etched Ti, whereas the proteins of the complement system (C3) were found predominantly on smooth Ti surfaces. These results suggest that physico-chemical characteristics could be responsible for the differences observed in the adsorbed protein layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-111
Number of pages14
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • apolipoprotein E
  • bone regeneration
  • human serum
  • proteomics
  • surface properties
  • Titanium


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