Putting energy back in control

Romeo Ortega, Arjan J. van der Schaft, Iven Mareels, B.M. Maschke

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    650 Citations (Scopus)
    222 Downloads (Pure)


    A control system design technique using the principle of energy balancing was analyzed. Passivity-based control (PBC) techniques were used to analyze complex systems by decomposing them into simpler sub systems, which upon interconnection and total energy addition were helpful in determining the overall system behavior. An attempt to identify physical obstacles that hampered the use of PBC in applications other than mechanical systems was carried out. The technique was applicable to systems which were stabilized with passive controllers.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)18-33
    Number of pages16
    JournalIEEE Control Systems
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2001


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