We employ microparticle image velocimetry to investigate laminar microflows in hydrophobic microstructured channels, in particular the slip length. These microchannels consist of longitudinal microgrooves, which can trap air and prompt a shear-free boundary condition and thus slippage enhancement. Our measurements reveal an increase in the slip length when the width of the microgrooves is enlarged. The result of the slip length is smaller than the analytical prediction by Philip [Z. Angew. Math. Phys. 23, 353 (1972)] for an infinitely large and textured channel comprised of alternating shear-free and no-slip boundary conditions. The smaller slip length (as compared with the prediction) can be attributed to the confinement of the microchannel and the bending of the meniscus (liquid-gas interface). Our experimental studies suggest that the curvature of the meniscus plays an important role in microflows over hydrophobic microridges.
Tsai, P. A., Peters, A. M., Pirat, C., Wessling, M., Lammertink, R. G. H., & Lohse, D. (2009). Quantifying effective slip length over micropatterned hydrophobic surfaces. Physics of fluids, 21(11), 112002-1-112002-8. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3266505