Fracture gap and step-off measurements on 2DCT-slices probably underestimate the complex multi-directional features of tibial plateau fractures. Our aim was to develop a quantitative 3D-CT (Q3DCT) fracture analysis of these injuries. CT-based 3D models were created for 10 patients with a tibial plateau fracture. Several 3D measures (gap area, articular surface involvement, 3D displacement) were developed and tested. Gaps and step-offs were measured in 2D and 3D. All measurements were repeated by six observers and the reproducibility was determined by intra-class correlation coefficients. Q3DCT measurements demonstrated a median gap of 5.3 mm, step-off of 5.2 mm, gap area of 235 mm2, articular surface involvement of 33% and 3D displacement of 6.1 mm. The inter-rater reliability was higher in the Q3DCT than in the 2DCT measurements for both the gap (0.96 vs. 0.81) and step-off (0.63 vs. 0.32). Q3DCT measurements showed excellent reliability (ICC of 0.94 for gap area, 1 for articular surface involvement and 0.99 for 3D displacement). Q3DCT fracture analysis of tibial plateau fractures is feasible and shows excellent reliability. 3D measurements could be used together with the current classification systems to quantify the true extent of these complex multi-directional fractures in a standardized way.