Quantitative analysis of gradient effective refractive index in silicon nanowires for broadband light trapping and anti-reflective properties

Sudhir Kumar Saini, Rajesh V. Nair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Controlling the light reflection using vertically-aligned nanowires has great importance in fundamental research with interesting applications in photonic devices. Here, we discuss the spatial- and polarization-dependent reflectivity measurements from the cross-sectional as well as from the top surface of vertically-aligned disordered silicon nanowires. The gradient variation in an effective refractive index along the nanowire length is estimated using the cross-sectional reflectivity measurements. We have studied the gradient variation of an effective refractive index profile and its tunability with the nanowire length. The reflectivity is measured to be as low as 5% irrespective of spatial directions and the polarization of incident light in a broad wavelength range. This constitutes the signature of a broadband omnidirectional anti-reflector that is scalable with the nanowire length. The reflectivity measurements are in good agreement with theoretical calculations. Such omnidirectional anti-reflection in a broad wavelength range is useful for applications such as photon management in photovoltaic devices and disorder-induced light scattering.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103102
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume125
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes

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