Quantitative Analysis of Microstructural Homogeneity and Capacitance Correlations in Palladium/Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia Composites

Mark G.H.M. Hendriks, Marjan J.G.W. Heijman, Werner E. van Zyl, Johan E. ten Elshof, Henk Verweij

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Abstract

Voronoi tessellation was applied to quantify the microstructural homogeneity of palladium particles in random Pd/cubic yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) composites with the Pd concentration ranging from 0 to 30 vol%. Room-temperature impedance measurements were used to determine the capacitance of the composites. A fourfold enhancement in capacity near the percolation threshold of Pd was obtained. The percolation threshold was estimated at ∼30 vol% Pd using the normalized percolation theory (NPT). Data obtained from Voronoi diagrams resulted in a quantitative measure for the homogeneity of the dual-phase composite. The homogeneity was found to decrease with increasing Pd concentration in the composites. Near the theoretical value of the percolation threshold, the Pd phase appeared to be distributed too inhomogeneously for preparing insulating composites. No large increase in capacity as predicted by NPT could therefore be experimentally verified.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2097-2101
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume85
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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