BACKGROUND: In ST-segment– elevation myocardial infarction, angiography-based complete revascularization is superior to culprit-lesion-only percutaneous coronary intervention. Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a novel, noninvasive, vasodilator-free method used to assess the hemodynamic significance of coronary stenoses. We aimed to investigate the incremental value of QFR over angiography in nonculprit lesions in patients with ST-segment– elevation myocardial infarction undergoing angiography-guided complete revascularization. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a retrospective post hoc QFR analysis of untreated nontarget vessels (any degree of diam-eter stenosis [DS]) from the randomized multicenter COMFORTABLE AMI (Comparison of Biolimus Eluted From an Erodible Stent Coating With Bare Metal Stents in Acute ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction) trial by assessors blinded for clinical outcomes. The primary end point was cardiac death, spontaneous nontarget vessel myocardial infarction, and clinically indicated nontarget vessel revascularization (ie, ≥70% DS by 2-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography or ≥50% DS and ischemia) at 5 years. Of 1161 patients with ST-segment– elevation myocardial infarction, 946 vessels in 617 patients were analyzable by QFR. At 5 years, the rate of the primary end point was significantly higher in patients with QFR ≤0.80 (n=35 patients, n=36 vessels) versus QFR >0.80 (n=582 patients, n=910 vessels) (62.9% versus 12.5%, respectively; hazard ratio [HR], 7.33 [95% CI, 4.54–11.83], P<0.001), driven by higher rates of nontarget vessel myocardial infarction (12.8% versus 3.1%, respectively; HR, 4.38 [95% CI, 1.47–13.02], P=0.008) and nontarget vessel revascularization (58.6% versus 7.7%, respectively; HR, 10.99 [95% CI, 6.39–18.91], P<0.001) with no significant differences for cardiac death. Multivariable analysis identified QFR ≤0.80 but not ≥50% DS by 3-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography as an independent predictor of the primary end point. Results were consistent, including only >30% DS by 3-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests incremental value of QFR over angiography-guided percutaneous coronary intervention for nonculprit lesions among patients with ST-segment– elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.
- Coronary flow
- Elevation myocardial infarction
- Fractional flow reserve