Quantitative penetration testing with item response theory

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Existing penetration testing approaches assess the vulnerability of a system by determining whether certain attack paths are possible in practice. Thus, penetration testing has so far been used as a qualitative research method. To enable quantitative approaches to security risk management, including decision support based on the cost-effectiveness of countermeasures, one needs quantitative measures of the feasibility of an attack. Also, when physical or social attack steps are involved, the binary view on whether a vulnerability is present or not is insufficient, and one needs some viability metric. When penetration tests are performed anyway, it is very easy for the testers to keep track of, for example, the time they spend on each attack step. Therefore, this paper proposes the concept of quantitative penetration testing to determine the difficulty rather than the possibility of attacks based on such measurements. We do this by step-wise updates of expected time and probability of success for all steps in an attack scenario. In addition, we show how the skill of the testers can be included to improve the accuracy of the metrics, based on the framework of item response theory (Elo ratings). We prove the feasibility of the approach by means of simulations, and discuss application possibilities.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication9th International Conference on Information Assurance and Security, IAS 2013
    Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
    PublisherIEEE
    Pages49-54
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4799-2989-4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 6 Dec 2013
    Event9th International Conference on Information Assurance and Security, IAS 2013 - Gammarth, Tunisia
    Duration: 4 Dec 20136 Dec 2013
    Conference number: 9

    Conference

    Conference9th International Conference on Information Assurance and Security, IAS 2013
    Abbreviated titleIAS
    CountryTunisia
    CityGammarth
    Period4/12/136/12/13

    Fingerprint

    Testing
    Cost effectiveness
    Risk management

    Keywords

    • quantitative security
    • EWI-25270
    • EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP7/2007-2013
    • EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP7/318003
    • IR-92537
    • Socio-technical security
    • Security Metrics
    • Item Response Theory
    • METIS-309645
    • Penetration Testing

    Cite this

    Arnold, F., Pieters, W., & Stoelinga, M. (2013). Quantitative penetration testing with item response theory. In 9th International Conference on Information Assurance and Security, IAS 2013 (pp. 49-54). Piscataway, NJ: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISIAS.2013.6947732
    Arnold, Florian ; Pieters, Wolter ; Stoelinga, Mariëlle. / Quantitative penetration testing with item response theory. 9th International Conference on Information Assurance and Security, IAS 2013. Piscataway, NJ : IEEE, 2013. pp. 49-54
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    Arnold, F, Pieters, W & Stoelinga, M 2013, Quantitative penetration testing with item response theory. in 9th International Conference on Information Assurance and Security, IAS 2013. IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, pp. 49-54, 9th International Conference on Information Assurance and Security, IAS 2013, Gammarth, Tunisia, 4/12/13. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISIAS.2013.6947732

    Quantitative penetration testing with item response theory. / Arnold, Florian; Pieters, Wolter ; Stoelinga, Mariëlle.

    9th International Conference on Information Assurance and Security, IAS 2013. Piscataway, NJ : IEEE, 2013. p. 49-54.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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    Arnold F, Pieters W, Stoelinga M. Quantitative penetration testing with item response theory. In 9th International Conference on Information Assurance and Security, IAS 2013. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE. 2013. p. 49-54 https://doi.org/10.1109/ISIAS.2013.6947732