Quantitative security and safety analysis with attack-fault trees

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    Cyber physical systems, like power plants, medical devices and data centers have to meet high standards, both in terms of safety (i.e. absence of unintentional failures) and security (i.e. no disruptions due to malicious attacks). This paper presents attack fault trees (AFTs), a formalism that marries fault trees (safety) and attack trees (security). We equip AFTs with stochastic model checking techniques, enabling a rich plethora of qualitative and quantitative analyses. Qualitative metrics pinpoint to root causes of the system failure, while quantitative metrics concern the likelihood, cost, and impact of a disruption. Examples are: (1) the most likely attack path; (2) the most costly system failure; (3) the expected impact of an attack. Each of these metrics can be constrained, i.e., we can provide the most likely disruption within time t and/or budget B. Finally, we can use sensitivity analysis to find the attack step that has the most influence on a given metric. We demonstrate our approach through three realistic cases studies.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 18th IEEE International Symposium on High Assurance Systems Engineering (HASE 2017)
    Number of pages8
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5090-4636-2
    ISBN (Print)978-1-5090-4637-9
    Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2017
    Event18th IEEE International Symposium on High Assurance Systems Engineering, HASE 2017 - Singapore
    Duration: 12 Jan 201714 Jan 2017

    Publication series

    ISSN (Print)1530-2059


    Conference18th IEEE International Symposium on High Assurance Systems Engineering, HASE 2017
    Other12-14 January 2017


    • IR-101936
    • Multi parameter attack trees
    • Quantitative analysis
    • Safety and security modelling
    • Stochastic model checking
    • EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP7/318003
    • EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP7/2007-2013
    • EWI-27360

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