Quasi-ideal strontium titanate crystal surfaces through formation of stontium hydroxide

Gertjan Koster, B.L. Kropman, Augustinus J.H.M. Rijnders, David H.A. Blank, Horst Rogalla

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627 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years, well-defined and nearly perfect single crystal surfaces of oxide perovskites have become increasingly important. A single terminated surface is a prerequisite for reproducible thin film growth and fundamental growth studies. In this work, atomic and lateral force microscopy have been used to display different terminations of SrTiO3. We observe hydroxylation of the topmost SrO layer after immersion of SrTiO3 in water, which is used to enhance the etch-selectivity of SrO relative to TiO2 in a buffered HF solution. We reproducibly obtain perfect and single terminated surfaces, irrespective of the initial state of polished surfaces and the pH value of the HF solution. This approach to the problem might be used for a variety of multi-component oxide single crystals. True two-dimensional reflection high-energy electron diffraction intensity oscillations are observed during homo epitaxial growth using pulsed laser deposition on these surfaces.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)2920-2922
Number of pages3
JournalApplied physics letters
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 1998


  • METIS-128385
  • IR-23586

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