Quasi-One-Dimensional Generator-Collector Electrochemistry in Nanochannels

Zinaida A. Kostiuchenko, Serge G. Lemay*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Mass transport in fluidic channels under conditions of pressure-driven flow is controlled by a combination of convection and diffusion. For electrochemical measurements the height of a channel is typically of the same order of magnitude as the electrode dimensions, resulting in complex two- or three- dimensional concentration distributions. Electrochemical nanofluidic devices, however, can have such a low height-to-length ratio that they can effectively be considered as one-dimensional. This greatly simplifies the modeling and quantitative interpretation of analytical measurements. Here we study mass transport in nanochannels using electrodes in a generator-collector configuration. The flux of redox molecules is monitored amperometrically. We observe the transition from diffusion-dominated to convection-dominated transport by varying both the flow velocity and the distance between the electrodes. These results are described quantitatively by the one-dimensional Nernst-Planck equation for mass transport over the full range of experimentally accessible parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2847-2852
Number of pages6
JournalAnalytical chemistry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 4 Feb 2020


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