We develop a theory of the quasiparticle interference (QPI) in multiband superconductors based on the strong-coupling Eliashberg approach within the Born approximation. In the framework of this theory, we study dependencies of the QPI response function in the multiband superconductors with the nodeless s-wave superconductive order parameter. We pay special attention to the difference in the quasiparticle scattering between the bands having the same and opposite signs of the order parameter. We show that at the momentum values close to the momentum transfer between two bands, the energy dependence of the quasiparticle interference response function has three singularities. Two of these correspond to the values of the gap functions and the third one depends on both the gaps and the transfer momentum. We argue that only the singularity near the smallest band gap may be used as a universal tool to distinguish between the s++ and s± order parameters. The robustness of the sign of the response function peak near the smaller gap value, irrespective of the change in parameters, in both the symmetry cases is a promising feature that can be harnessed experimentally.
|Journal||Physical review B: Covering condensed matter and materials physics|
|Publication status||Published - 16 Aug 2017|