QuikScan Formatting as a Means to Improve Text Recall

Hans van der Meij, Jan van der Meij, D.K. Farkas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose – QuikScan is an innovative text format that employs three prominent signaling devices – summaries, headings, and access cues – to make the reading of medium-to-long texts more productive. The experiments reported in this paper aim to examine the claim that QuikScan contributes to text recall. Design/methodology/approach – In two consecutive experiments a QuikScanned text (experimental condition) was compared to a non-QuickScanned text (control condition). In Experiment one, 41 university students read the text and then answered ten open recall questions. In Experiment two, 58 university students read the text and then wrote a summary and answered four recall questions. Findings – In Experiment one, a statistically significant overall effect on text recall favoring QuikScan was found. Detailed analyses revealed that QuikScan mainly affected the readers' responses to higher-order questions (d = 1.24). Experiment two showed that QuikScan led to significantly higher recall scores for the summaries. Just as in the first experiment, a strong effect on the higher-order questions was found (d = 1.27).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-97
JournalJournal of documentation
Volume69
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sep 2012

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Keywords

  • METIS-291870
  • IR-83933

Cite this

van der Meij, Hans ; van der Meij, Jan ; Farkas, D.K. / QuikScan Formatting as a Means to Improve Text Recall. In: Journal of documentation. 2012 ; Vol. 69, No. 1. pp. 81-97.
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QuikScan Formatting as a Means to Improve Text Recall. / van der Meij, Hans; van der Meij, Jan; Farkas, D.K.

In: Journal of documentation, Vol. 69, No. 1, 23.09.2012, p. 81-97.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AB - Purpose – QuikScan is an innovative text format that employs three prominent signaling devices – summaries, headings, and access cues – to make the reading of medium-to-long texts more productive. The experiments reported in this paper aim to examine the claim that QuikScan contributes to text recall. Design/methodology/approach – In two consecutive experiments a QuikScanned text (experimental condition) was compared to a non-QuickScanned text (control condition). In Experiment one, 41 university students read the text and then answered ten open recall questions. In Experiment two, 58 university students read the text and then wrote a summary and answered four recall questions. Findings – In Experiment one, a statistically significant overall effect on text recall favoring QuikScan was found. Detailed analyses revealed that QuikScan mainly affected the readers' responses to higher-order questions (d = 1.24). Experiment two showed that QuikScan led to significantly higher recall scores for the summaries. Just as in the first experiment, a strong effect on the higher-order questions was found (d = 1.27).

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