Ramp-edge junctions between superconducting Nd1.85Ce0.15CuO4 and La1.85Sr0.15CuO4

M. Hoek, F. Coneri, X. Renshaw Wang, H. Hilgenkamp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


We have fabricated in-plane ramp-edge junctions between Nd1.85Ce0.15CuO4 (NCCO) and La1.85Sr0.15CuO4 (LSCO) where both layers are superconducting. At the interface, we find an insulating barrier in electronic transport. The barrier is shown to be a tunneling barrier with a combination of inelastic and elastic tunneling, the former is indicated by the appearance of the LSCO phonon density of states in measurements and the latter is inferred from the temperature dependence of the conductance. The energy scale of the barrier is smaller than would be expected from band alignment found by considering the cuprates as degenerate semiconductors. It is closest to the scenario where hybridization of the O 2p valence band states dictate band alignment. Additional experiments with overdoped interlayers of Nd1.8Ce0.2CuO4 and La1.75Sr0.25CuO4 show that the origin of the barrier is most likely a combination of electronic depletion mainly in the NCCO and a strain effect in the LSCO.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035001
JournalSuperconductor science and technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 2016


  • boundary condition
  • particle creation and annihilation
  • quantum graphs
  • semiclassical methods
  • spectral functions


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