Random and block copolymers based on 4-methyl-1-pentene and 1-pentene

Camille Descour, Tamara Meijer-Vissers, Tibor Macko, Matthew Parkinson, Dario Cavallo, Martin van Drongelen, Gerhard Hubner, Han Goossens, Robbert Duchateau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The zirconium acetamidinate catalyst {Cp*Zr(Me)2[N(Et)C(Me)N(tBu)]} (Cp* = ŋ5-C5Me5) was used to synthesize both random and block copolymers based on 4-methyl-1-pentene (4M1P) and 1-pentene. The polymers have been characterized by NMR spectroscopy, SEC, DSC, high temperature HPLC and CRYSTAF. Unexpectedly, the yields and molecular weights decreased with increasing amounts of 1-pentene. The reason for this behavior is that 1-pentene occasionally undergoes 2,1-misinsertions trapping the catalyst in a dormant state. These 2,1-misinsertions do not seem to occur with the bulky 4M1P (branched α-olefin). Adding a small amount of ethylene reactivates the catalyst. Unlike most semi-crystalline polymers, the density of the crystalline phase of isotactic P4M1P can be lower than of the amorphous phase, when crystallized under very high pressures. To characterize this peculiar behavior of 4M1P-based polymers, various samples have been subjected to Pressure-Volume-Temperature (PVT) measurements. While the P4M1P homopolymers and block copolymers show the expected decrease in specific volume upon crystallization, the 4M1P-rich random copolymers proved not to vary in specific volume under the same conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3096-3106
JournalPolymer
Volume53
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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