Rapid Systematic Review of Psychological Symptoms in Health Care Workers COVID-19

Clare Killikelly*, Lonneke I.M. Lenferink, Hanzhang Xie, Andreas Maercker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Worldwide, health care professionals are facing unprecedented stress levels due to the continuing COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A rapid systematic review of peer-reviewed studies examining psychological symptoms in HCW working during COVID-19 pandemic in early 2020. 13,999 participants were included. Results: After 3,408 studies were screened for inclusion, 10 were included in the final analysis. About half of HCW presented with possible PTSD (i.e., scored above a clinical cutoff). Limitations: An update of the search should be conducted. Conclusions: These initial studies suggest a high rate of possible PTSD diagnosis in frontline HCW.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)638-655
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Loss and Trauma
Issue number7
Early online date12 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • anxiety
  • COVID-19
  • depression
  • health care workers (HCW)
  • PTSD
  • Rapid systematic review


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