Rare-earth-ion-doped double-tungstate waveguides

Markus Pollnau

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    Abstract

    It has been recognized that the monoclinic double tungstates KY(WO4)2, KGd(WO4)2, and KLu(WO4)2 possess a high potential as rare-earth-ion-doped solid-state laser materials, partly due to the high absorption and emission cross-sections of rare-earth ions when doped into these materials. Besides, their high refractive indices make these materials potentially suitable for applications which require optical gain and high power in integrated optics, with rather high integration density. This paper reviews the recent advances and presents our work at the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Max-Born-Institute in Berlin, and University of Twente in Enschede towards the demonstration of KY(WO4)2 waveguide lasers and their integration on a chip. Thin layers of rare-earth-ion-doped KY(WO4)2 were grown on undoped substrates by liquid phase epitaxy. Optical waveguiding with propagation losses of 0.1-0.2 dB/cm was achieved. Recently, we have demonstrated KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ and KY(WO4)2:Tm3+ planar waveguide lasers at 1 μm and 2 μm, respectively. With the former, we have achieved 290 mW of output power and >80% slope efficiency. Channel waveguides have been prepared by reactive ion etching, light ion implantation, or femtosecond laser writing. Optical investigations of these channel waveguides are under way.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationEMRS 2007, Symposium C: Rare Earth ion doping for photonics: materials, mechanisms and devices
    PublisherElsevier
    PagesC11.6
    Number of pages1
    Publication statusPublished - May 2007
    EventE-MRS Spring meeting 2007 - Strasbourg, France
    Duration: 28 May 20071 Jun 2007

    Conference

    ConferenceE-MRS Spring meeting 2007
    CountryFrance
    CityStrasbourg
    Period28/05/071/06/07

    Keywords

    • IOMS-APD: Advanced Photonic Devices
    • METIS-245886
    • EWI-11629
    • IR-62077

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  • Cite this

    Pollnau, M. (2007). Rare-earth-ion-doped double-tungstate waveguides. In EMRS 2007, Symposium C: Rare Earth ion doping for photonics: materials, mechanisms and devices (pp. C11.6). Elsevier.